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Chaffee/Chafee Lineage in America

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woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)Family Trees: Chaffe, Chaffey, Chaffee, Chafy, Chafe
Chaffe/Chaffey Lineage in England from 1016
Chaffee/Chafee Lineage in America from 1637
woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)First Chaffee's in America
woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)Thomas Chaffe 1637-1683
woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)Thomas Chaffe's Arrival Ship
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woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)Chaffee Signatures
woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)Thomas Chaffee Descendants
woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)Chaffee Genealogy in America, by William H. Chaffee, 1909
woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)Mathew Chaffe and Thomas Chaffe's Bible
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woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)Chaffee Surname Distribution by US State
woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)Descendants Of Thomas Chaffe To Walt Disney
woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)Chaffee References
Chafe Lineage in Canada from 1705
Chaffin and Chase Lineage


The United States Chaffee branch initially established themselves in Massachusetts and Rhode Island.  Members of the Chaffee family sailed aboard an armada of three-masted sailing ships such as the Speedwell, Hector, the John & Dorothy, and the Rose known as the "White Sails" which plied the Atlantic in the 1630's.  Amongst the first settlers in North America was Thomas Chaffe who settled in Hingham (near Boston) Massachusetts in July 1637 and moved to Swansea by 1660.  Thomas died in 1683 in Barrington Center, Rhode Island (Barrington was formerly Sowams). He was reported to be born between 1610 and 1616 in England.  Thomas Chaffe could not read or write.  All of the documents associated with him have a "mark" (T) and then another signature as witness. He was a farmer in Hingham where he received land from the township in July 1637.  The ship Thomas may have sailed on with his wife and two friends was the Speedwell, that departed Weymouth, Devon, April 22, 1637.

Thomas could have come from the Sherborne branch of the family as this side of the family had a "y" or "ey" ending.  However his name was spelled in America as Chaffe.  The Chaffe spelling occurs largely in the Exeter/Buckfastleigh area - based on extensive analysis of LDS data and 1891 and 1901 census information.  The Chaffee spelling evolved solely in America, likely in the late 1700's, with very few instances of this spelling occurring in England.  Thomas married (possibly Dorothy b.1620 England) and had children Nathaniel Chaffe (1638-1721) and Joseph Chaffe (1639/1646-1694) in Hingham, MA.  This middle initial J, may indicate Joseph.

Matthew Chaffe, was the first confirmed person recorded in America, bearing the surname of Chaffe according to W.H. Chaffee.  Matthew Chaffe is first mentioned in the records of the First Church in Boston as follows: "Mathew Chaffe ship carpenter Admitted The 14th of ye 6th Moneth [August] 1636."  Five years later: "Sarah Chafey wife of Mathew Chafey admitted the 14th Day of ye 1st Moneth [March] 1641." 

"Mathewe Chafe" was made a Freeman the "17th of the 3rd mo [May] 1637."  [per records of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay] as per William Chaffee's book:  Matthew also owned lands in Hingham, MA, but when is not known.  The will of William Hersey of Hingham, dated March 9, 1657-58, gives to his William "ye lott I bought of Matthew Chafey at ye Capts Tent" [now called Hewitt's Cove west of Hingham Center on the Weymouth Back River] the records of the first Church of Boston contain the last entry regarding Matthew and Sarah Chaffe, as they did the first: "Oe Brother Mathew Chaffe upon his desire with his wife was dismissed ye 10th of 6 mo. 1655." Whether Matthew and Sarah returned to England, or whether they settled in some other part of the country we do not know.  There is no mention of any one else by the name of Chaffe in Boston at the early date, nor for 25 years after this last entry.  

Based on research by Angus and Chloe Watson, we know there were a significant number of Chaffeys around the Sherbourne, Bishops Caundle, Stock Gayland, Foulke area - less than 20 miles from Stoke sub Hamdon.  There is one record in Stock Gayland (is a tiny chapel in the middle of a large country estate) of interest.  It is the birth of Mathew, son of Thomas and Margery (Pister?) in 1602. A Mathew Chafey in the New World about the same time as Thomas Chaffee, however it is unknown if they were related. Whereas Thomas is a very common name in the family at this time, there are very few with the name Mathew around the 1670's.

Mathew Chafey who emigrated to Boston was married to Sara (or Sarah). A marriage record for a Mathew Chaffy to Sara Bowry was recorded at St Dunstan, Stepney in East London in June 1631. This record indicates Mathew as "a shipwright of Wappingwall". The Mathew Chafey in the New World is described as a ships carpenter. It is possible that Mathew Chaffy was born in 1602 in Stock Gayland, Dorset and married Sara Bowry in 1631, aged 29, in the docks area of east London, with a trade established as ships carpenter, and emigrated to the New World where he is first recorded in Boston in 1636, aged 34. 

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THOMAS CHAFFE - 1610/15-1683

In part from: History of the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations: NY: The American Historical Society, Inc. 1920

The family in America dates from 1637 (or maybe as early as 1635 according to William H. Chaffee), and is traced to one Thomas Chaffe, immigrant ancestor and founder, large land owner and prominent member of the early settlements at Hingham, and Hull, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. His progeny has been prominent in New England for many generations, and the family has contributed many men whose names are notable in the history of New England life and affairs.

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Map of Boston
and Hingham
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Plymouth to 
Hingham Map
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Detailed Map of 
Hingham, Hull 
and Nantasket
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Aerial Photo 
of Hingham
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Hingham Detail
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with Main St
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Main St. Area
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Hingham 1878
Background on Hingham: In the year 1633, Edmond Hobart, with his wife, their son Joshua, and daughters Rebekah and Sarah landed in Charlestown. Two other sons, Edmond Hobart Jr. and Thomas, and their families also arrived from England, as did Nicolas Jacob, his wife and children, and Thomas Lincoln, a weaver. These settlers found that the existing settlements had no room for them, and they chose a harbor lying inside the peninsula of Nantasket, named Bare Cove because the cove looked bare when the tide was out. The time of settlement is unknown, the first time Bare Cove was mentioned was in tax records dated September 25, 1634. The settlement was assessed a tax of 4 pounds to be paid to the colonial government.  In 1635, Peter Hobart and his family arrived in the colony from Hingham England.. Another son of Edmond Hobart, and a minister, he settled with his family in the little settlement. On September 2nd in the year 1635, the Massachusetts court allowed the change of Bare Cove to Hingham, and on the eighteenth of the same month the first 29 proprietors of Hingham drew their house lots.

Thomas Chaffe, immigrant ancestor and founder, immigrated from England to America in 1637 (or as early as 1635 according to William H. Chaffee), in which year he settled in Hingham, Mass., where he received a grant of land. Early records of Hingham show one of Thomas' neighbours awarded land in 1635. Thomas Chaffey's name is on this document which was filed in 1637 - most likely because he was a current neighbour. He was not in the list of property owners in 1635. Under the same date there is another entry showing that the town gave him about two acres of salt marsh, and July 17, 1637, two acres of land on Bachelor Street (or Bachelor's Rowe - now Main street) for a house. This small amount proves that he was unmarried at the time, as the amount of land for a house was given with regard to the size of the family. In October, 1637, he was given a lot of ten acres abutting on Thomas Turner's land on the north and Ralph Smith's land on the south. 

On 8th April 1637 when he was fifteen, Samuel Lincoln in the John and Dorothy of Ipswich for America, eventually settling in Hingham, Massachusetts.  Samuel was born in 1622 in Hingham, Norfolk, England. Samuel's great-great, great, great, grandson was Abraham Lincoln who became the 16th President of the USA in 1860.

Thomas Chaffe's settlement in 1637 is noted in the Early Settlers of Hingham, Massachusetts by John D. Long in the History of Hingham published 1893, pages 201-209.

The 1635 entry for land given to John Tucker in the Hingham records:  "Given unto John Tucker by the towne of Hingham for a planting lott of six acres of land lying upon the Worlds End Hill bounded with the land of Thomas Chaffe and the land of John Prince, Southward and with the land of Ralph Woodward, Northward, butting upon the Sea Eastward and Westward". This is the first mention of Chaffe in the new world, according to William Chaffee in the book.  However Thomas Chaffe is not mentioned as land holder in 1635 as stated in William Chaffee's book.  It is most likely that this date should be interpreted as 1637.

In 1637, there is this transaction:
"The severall parsells of land and meadow legally given unto Thomas Chaffe by the towne of Hingham," ..."Given unto Thomas Chaffe by the Towne for a planting lott seven acres of land upon the worlds end hill bounded with the sea eastward and southward and with the land of John Prince westward and with the land of John Tucker northward."

Under the same date we find another entry:
"Given unto Thomas Chaffe all the salt marsh on the south side of straitts pond for two acres and he is to have alI the sd parsells of land to him and his heirs for ever be they more or less as they were measured."

"July 17th 1637 . . . Given unto Thomas Chaffe by the towne for a house lott two acres of land Butting upon Batchellor street eastward bounded with the land of William Ludkin southward."

According to William Chaffee this small amount of land was for Thomas Chaffe's house or home lot.  Chaffee believed this indicated that at this time he was unmarried, as it was the custom of those days to grant small parcels of land to bachelors, as being sufficient for their needs. Bachelor Street is now known as Main Street, and the original Chaffe home lot is about opposite the old meeting-house.

One more piece of property was given in that year to Thomas Chaffe by the town:
"Oetobr 1637 . . . Given unto Thomas Chaffe by the Towne for a greatt lott tenn acres of land lying upon the great playne on the second furlong to the westward of the centre, bounded with the land of Ralph Smith southward and with the Land of Thomas Turner northward. Butting upon the high wayes east-ward and westward.)"

From: History of the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations: The American Historical Society, Inc. 1920:
The next record of Thomas is dated April 9, 1642, in Nantasket, later called Hull (close to Hingham), where he was admitted with several others as a planter, and given two acres between the two hills next Pedcock's (Peddock's) Island. Nantasket is older than Hingham, as the first building was built by emigrants of Plymouth on or before 1624.  There were to be at least thirty-two lots, and the planters were to take them in order; they were to have four acres of planting land and two acres of meadow land also. On May 29, 1644, the name was changed to Hull, and in July, a church was formed there. In both Hingham and Hull, Thomas Chaffe was a fisherman and farmer. The name of his wife is not known. He probably married in Hull, as no mention of him or his family is found in the notes of Rev. Peter Hobart, of Hingham. The town records of Hull, before 1657, have been lost. It is probable that his wife's name was Dorothy, as her sons both had daughters named Dorothy, and it was the custom to name children for their grandparents. 

The next mention of him in the records is a deed, February 4, 1650, in which he gives land over to Thomas Gill, of Hingham, and he and his son Joseph must have made a trip from Swansea, where they were living, in order to sign it. The last mention of him was in 1657, when a list of his lands was given. Between 1657 and on May 30, 1660, he had removed from Hull and settled in Rehoboth, then in Plymouth Colony. A deed has been found, dated May 30, 1660, in which he sells to Thomas Loring Sr. of Hull, his house, orchard and two home lots containing four acres; a lot of meadow by 'Streights River'; two lots at Sagamore Hill, and two at Strawberry Hill; and also all his rights and privileges in all the island except Pedcock's (Peddock's) Island. In this deed he calls himself  'some time of Hull in the colony of Suffolke', but does not say where he was living then. However, in the proprietor's records of Rehoboth, he was one of the proprietors at least as early as December 25, 1660, and the records also contain a description of the boundaries of land belonging to him. A few months after the sale of his property in Hull he made his first recorded purchase of land in Rehoboth, of Stephen Paine, Sr., February 9, 1660.  The farm in Rhode Island was located on the west bank of the Barrington River (in Thomas' time Sowams River) about two miles northwest of the present town (1909) of Barrington Centre, RI. 

On April 11, 1664, Thomas then of Wannamoisett, sold to Captain Thomas Willett and James Brown one of the two lots he received in the division of home lots. When Swansea was set off from Rehoboth in 1668, his home in Wannamoisett became a part of the newly created town. He very likely owned land in Rehoboth, as in a deed in 1675 he calls himself of Rehoboth. In 1669 he sold to Joseph Carpenter property in New Meadow Neck (near Barrington). During King Philip's War he and his family, as well as near neighbours, doubtless lived in 'Chaffe's Garrison', a stone building near his house, and during that time he bought a house, an orchard and a house lot from Francis Stevens in Rehoboth. On December 28, 1676, there is a record of an agreement in regard to 'lands purchased of Asamequin and Wamsitto his sonne.' The last mention of him in his life is March 16, 1679-80, in an agreement concerning the Paine Lots and also 'pasturing neck.' He made his will, July 25, 1680, and in it mentions his two sons, Nathaniel and Joseph. He died March 6, 1683, and an inventory of his estate taken May 15, of the same year. He was probably buried in the ancient Chaffee Burying Ground on his own farm.  Thomas Chaffe was prominent and highly respected in the towns in which he resided.

The town of Rehoboth was originally called by the Indians and after them by the English "Seecunk" or "Seekonk". In July 1621, some of the Pilgrims from the Plymouth settlement made a visit to the Indian Chief Massasoit, whose domain was known as the Sowams country, of which Wannamoisett, where Thomas Chaffee settled, formed a part. This was the first attempt made by the English to explore the interior and the spirit of westward emigration. As early as 1632, the Plymouth settlers had a trading post at Sowams.

Thomas' children were: Nathaniel and Joseph, probably born between 1639 and 1646 in Hull.  Nathaniel Chaffee, son of Thomas Chaffe, was born between the year 1639 and 1642, probably at Nantasket or Hull, Mass., and died in Rehoboth, September, 1720. Between 1657 and 1660 he settled in that part of Rehoboth which later became Swansea. On May 19, 1670, he was chosen constable, and from that time was a large land owner, inheriting some from his father, and increasing his holding considerably by purchase. He bought sixty acres of land from Obediah Brown in Rehoboth, and later two parcels of land of twelve and a half and ten acres each from John Martin, of Attleboro. That he was highly valued as a citizen is evident from the fact that after his removal from Rehoboth he was invited to return to the town, and as an inducement was offered more land. Four months later he returned. Nathaniel Chaffee was a blacksmith, and from the nature of his work, and the dependence of early settlements on the work of the blacksmith, he held a prominent place in the life of the early settlement. The blacksmith in those days made practically all farm implements, household utensils, arms, bells, etc. Nathaniel Chaffee became a freeman in 1681, on March 26, of which year he was elected constable. On March 22, 1693, he was chosen tythingman (policeman). He received numerous grants of land. During King Philip's war he contributed £3, 16s, 6d. to the war fund. He married, in Swansea, Mass., August 19, 1669, Experience Bliss, daughter of Jonathan and Miriam (Harmon) Bliss, and they were the parents of eleven children, the first three of which were born in Swansea, the others in Rehoboth. Children: Dorothy; Thomas, born Oct. 19, 1672; Rachel; Nathaniel, Jan., 1675-76; Jonathan, mentioned below; David, Aug. 22, 1680; Experience, March 24, 1682; Mehitable, Oct. 30, 1687; Daniel, Oct. 30, 1687; Noah, Jan. 19, 1690; Noah, Dec. 17, 1792 [sic].

Nathaniel Chaffee (source) was probably born in Nantasket, Massachusetts (later called Hull) between 1638 and 1642, and died in Rehoboth, Massachusetts, in September 1721. He married in Swansea, Massachusetts, August 19, 1669 to Experience Bliss, daughter of Jonathan and Miriam (Harmon) Bliss of Rehoboth. She also died in September 1721. Nathaniel Chaffee probably moved from Hull to Rehoboth between 1657 and 1660 with his parents and brother Joseph. In 1667 the part of Rehoboth where he lived, known as Wannamoisett, was set off as a separate town and called Swansea.  "At a Town meeting Lawfully warned ye 19th of May 1670, Nathaniel Chafy [was chosen] Constable." {Swansea Town Records} His duty was to assist in keeping the peace and to make arrests of disorderly persons. About the same time it is recorded that: "Nathaniel Chafy his ear mark for all sorts of cattell is an half ring in the top of each ear." In 1672, "The bounds of the Lands of Nathaniell Chaffe are Sixty acres of land purchased of Obediah Bowen, Sur., Also Twelve and a half. Ten acres More purchased of John Martin." This land was later in the town of Attleboro.

King Philip's War began on June 24, 1675. "Of the miseries of this war, Rehoboth, from its proximity to Mount Hope, the residence of Philip, or Pometacom, the prime mover of the war, was destined to suffer its full share. The first blood was spilled within the original jurisdiction of Rehoboth; and the last of Philip's generals, the stern and intrepid old warrior and councillor, Annawon, was captured within the present limits of the same town. During this war, which lasted nearly two years, the inhabitants of Rehoboth were kept in almost constant alarm; a number of them were, at different times slain; and the whole town, the garrison-houses excepted, was at one time laid in ashes. The events of this war, so far as connected with Rehoboth.....occupy a prominent place in the hardships, dangers and sufferings of the early settlers of this town." (Bliss' History of Rehoboth).

In 1679, Nathaniel Chaffee was a blacksmith. In those early days, when a horse was one of the most valued and necessary possessions of his owner, the blacksmith's trade was a most important one. In addition to shoeing horses, he was a worker in iron and other metals, making crude farming implements, household utensils and even casting bells.  "March 22nd, 1693. The town met being lawfully warned and chose Nathaniel Chaffe tything man," his duties being to preserve order in the meeting-house and to collect the moneys due for the support of the minister of the town. 

September 22, 1694, Nathaniel went to the Swansea home of his brother, Joseph, who was ill. Joseph made his will and probably wished his only brother to witness it. Joseph died soon after and on November 13, 1694, Nathaniel went to the county seat, Bristol, with two other witnesses, to swear to his to his brother's signature. At the same time he became one of the sureties in the sum of 200 pounds for his sister-in-law, Annis (Martin) Chaffee and her sons, John and Joseph, Jr., all executors of the will. Joseph's wife Agnes (Annis) Martin any have been related to either or both Richard or Edward (a father) or John Martin (a brother).  John Martin  (1634-1713) was born in England at Ottery St. Mary, (10 miles east of Exeter) and was a major land owner in Barrington in 1680.

February 10, 1702. "Nathaniel Chaffee, Blacksmith of Rehoboth, gave to his son Jonathan of Rehoboth four and a half acres of land there, near a place called "Broken Cross".  May 3, 1715, he gave "for and in Consideration of the good Will and affection which I have and do bear toward my Youngest Son, Noah Chaffe, Yeoman, twenty-four acres of land at half Mile Swamp in Rehoboth, being a Certain tract of Upland and Meadow ground." With this son, Nathaniel and Experience spent their last days, doubtless receiving loving care from Noah and his wife. Both Nathaniel and his wife died in September 1721, and a tradition from Rehoboth says that so devoted was he to his wife that he died of grief a few hours after her death. The old burying ground surrounding the Congregational Church, formerly in Rehoboth, and now in the village of Rumford, East Providence, Rhode Island, is supposed to be the burial place of Nathaniel and Experience, though no stones to their memory remain. 

Jonathan Chaffee, son of Nathaniel and Experience (Bliss) Chaffee, was born in the town of Rehoboth, Mass., April 7, 1678. On February 10, 1701-02, he received from his father four and a half acres of land near 'Broken Cross'. He subsequently became very prominent in the life and affairs of Rehoboth, and took active part in civic life. On March 19, 1704, he was chosen to the office of field driver. On November 21, 1715, he and one hundred and ten others agreed to pay for building a new meeting house. In 1718 he purchased one hundred acres of land from Joseph Russ for L8 in Ashford, Conn. On December 11, of that year, he was a member of a jury of trials. In 1819 he bought of Jeremiah Allen one hundred additional acres in Ashford. He was a large landowner and a considerably wealthy man, an influential citizen, and a highly respected member of the community. On March 28, 1720, he became tythingman, and from that time until his death held public office continuously. Jonathan Chaffee married in Rehoboth, Mass., November 23, 1703, Hannah Carpenter, daughter of William and Miriam (Searles) Carpenter, who was born April 10, 1684. In 1767 she was the executrix of her husband's estate. He died December 31, 1766, leaving a will dated May 5, 1754. He is buried in the old burying ground formerly in Rehoboth, but now in the village of Rumford, R. I., where his grave is marked by a stone bearing the inscription:

Jonathan Chaffe
Departed this life
December 31, 1766,
in the 89th year of his age.

Children of Jonathan and Hannah (Carpenter) Chaffee, born in Rehoboth: Jonathan, born June 25, 1704; Nathaniel, Oct. 20, 1705; Hannah, mentioned below; Dan, Feb. 26, 1710; Miriam, Aug. 22, 1712; Susanna, Sept. 22, 1714; Ephraim, Jan. 25, 1716; William, 1717; Susanna, June 10, 1720; Deliverance, Sept. 4, 1721; Josiah, May 2, 1723; Susanna, Aug. 28, 1728.

Hannah Chaffee, daughter of Jonathan and Hannah (Carpenter) Chaffee, was born in Rehoboth, Mass., October 3, 1707, and died there February 22, 1799. She married in Rehoboth, May 27, 1729, Joseph (2) Armington.

Hannah (Carpenter) Chaffee, mother Hannah (Chaffee) Armington, wife of Joseph (2) Armington, was a daughter of William and Miriam (Searles) Carpenter, as above stated, and granddaughter of William Carpenter, the founder of this family, which is one of the most notable of early American families. 

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There were many ships that carried settlers to the Boston Harbour area in the late 1630's.  The Hopewell from London carried Thomas Turner in August 1635.  The John & Dorothy from Ipswich (57 passengers) with master William Andrews and the Rose from Great Yarmouth/Ipswich (57 passengers) carried William Ludkin and family of Norwich in April 1637.  Ludkin and Turner would later become neighbours of Thomas in Hingham. Thomas' other neighbours were Ralph Woodward who was in Hingham in 1636; John Prince who was made a freeman in the Commonwealth in 1634; Ralph Smith departed Isle of Wight in 1633 and John Tucker was in Hingham in 1635. Families such as the Bosworth's and the Peck's would be his neighbours and fellow migrants to the Seekonk and Barrington in the 1660's/70's. Other ships in 1637: name - Unknown (112 passengers), leaving Weymouth in April to New England, Master: John Driver; Hector, (5 passengers) from London to Salem; Hercules, (78 passengers) from London to the Massachusetts Bay, Master: John Witherley; Hopewell from Exeter, to Virginia, Master: John Cobbold; Mary Anne (112 passengers) from Great Yarmouth/ Ipswich, to Boston, Master: William Goose; Speedwell (62 passengers) from Weymouth 22, April 1637, to Boston, Master Robert Corbin; and two ships captained by Master William Pierce and three more ships with 360 passengers from Ipswich. Stephen Paine from Norfolk, England, Thomas' later neighbour in Seekonk may have come over on the Diligent in 1638.  The Diligent was captained by John Martin who's sister may have married one of Thomas' sons.  A Henry Smith from Norfolk, also on the Diligent also followed Thomas in Hingham to Rehoboth follwoing a strong disagreement and split within the Puritan church.

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Ships leaving
 for New England in 1637

From the Complete Book of Emigrants 1607-1660 by Peter Wilson Coldham (1988) the following can be found (referenced source Public Record Office PRO; E190/876/11 on Chancery Lane, London.

April 1637,  Passengers on the [ -------- ], Mr. John Driver, bound from Weymouth to New England: [Elizabeth Poole], two friends and 13 (servants); Henry (Cogan), his wife, 7 men and two maids; Thomas Farwell and two servants; William Longe and his brother; John Cornish, his wife, two brothers, one sister & one man; Anthony Buxtone; William Harvey; Thomas Tayer, his wife and four children; John Derby, his wife, brother and two servants; Walter Deane and six servants; John Reade and six servants; John Gilbert, two men, one maid and two boys; Richard Smith, two children and one servant; Henry Webb, his wife, mother, child, five men & one maid; Edward Rawson, his wife, two children, two maids & four men; Henry Smith, his wife, four children, four menservants & four women (servants); Richard Babson, his mother and brother. 

22 April 1637, The Speedwell - Goods shipped by Thomas Tayer and William Longe in the Speedwell, Mr Robert Corbin, bound from Weymouth to [New England].  Passengers on the same ship: Edward Wiett and his wife, Elizabeth Winter and her two children, John Crocker, his wife and his boy, Thomas Claff, his wife and two friends, William Scaddinge, Walter Harris, his wife, six children & three servants, Thomas Farwell and two servants, Thomas Cooke his wife and three children, Wiliam Longe and his brother, Elizabeth Poole, two friends and 14 servants, Henry Cogan, his wife, seven menservants and two maidservants.

The 60-ton Speedwell carried 62 passengers from Weymouth to Boston in 1637.  The Speedwell could have been the same ship that was planned to accompany the Puritans on the 180 ton Mayflower ton in 1620 to America.  The Speedwell was outfitted in Holland, and arrived in Southampton to meet the Mayflower.  The two ships began the voyage on 5 August, but the Speedwell with 67 passengers was leaky and returned to Dartmouth to be refitted. On the second attempt, Mayflower and Speedwell sailed about 300 miles beyond Land's End in England, when Captain Reynolds of the Speedwell returned the ship again to Plymouth because of leaks. Some of the Speedwell passengers crowded onto the Mayflower to compete their famous voyage. The Speedwell eventually followed, arriving at Plymouth Colony exactly one year later on 10 Nov. 1621.

"A" Speedwell travelled to Virginia in 1635 (59 passengers, captain Jo. Chappel) and to Boston in 1656 (41 passengers, captain Robert Lock).  It should be noted that the ship name "Speedwell" was popular, and also ships did not last long, and owing to it's condition in 1620, the 1637 Speedwell may not have been the same ship as the one that was planned to leave with the Mayflower.  Even the Mayflower was likely scrapped in 1624.

From the internet Speedwell passenger, Thomas Cooke was from Netherbury, Dorset.  Walter Harris with wife and 6 children were baptized at Honiton, Devon.  This puts some of the emigrant passengers of the Speedwell from the Devon area.  A ship, name - Unknown left Weymouth for New England in April as well.  It carried Walter Deane and his brother John.  Walter Deane was baptized in 1612 at St. Mary, Chard, Somerset.  Edward Rawson also on this ship was born at Gillingham, Dorset.  There is some indication on the internet that the "Unknown" ship accompanied (or was) the Speedwell.  Henry Cogan and Elizabeth Poole, as well as their family and servants, are mentioned in both ships lists by Coldham.

From Charles Edward Banks' "The Winthrop Fleet of 1630", 1930, The Riverside Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, a history of the fleet from its origins to its landing: "What has come to be called the Winthrop Fleet of 1630 was chartered under an agreement made in Cambridge, England 26 August 1629 under the auspices of the Massachusetts Bay Company. The Company bought the ship "Eagle," made it the flagship, renaming it the "Arabella" and then chartered 10 additional ships to transport about 700 passengers to Massachusetts. Some ships brought passengers from London, the main contingent of ships were loaded at Southampton on the south coast of England during the month of March, 1630. According to records Matthew Craddock, a former governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company, didn't arrive from London to send the ships off until April 6th, on which day four ships, led by the Arbella, sailed down The Solent only to anchor off Yarmouth at the western tip of the Isle of Wight and await the remaining seven which were still being loaded in Southampton. At six in the morning on April 8th, the four ships set sail for the New World, passing the Needles, a series of jutting formations off the western tip of the Isle of Wight that mark the beginning of the open ocean, shortly before noon. The "Arabella" was the first to arrive at Salem on 12 June 1630, followed by the "Jewel" on 18 June.  Therefore Thomas had neighbours from his southwest England homestead.

Thesis on Thomas Chaffe's Arrival Ship:

From the above document Thomas Claff is reported to have brought over his wife and two friends. It was thought that Thomas Chaffee married in Hingham, however this might explain why there have been no local marriage records of this event. On the LDS site the frequency of the Claff surname before this date in England is nonexistent, with the most ancient being c.1739 Germany.  It is assumed that Claff is a transcription or spelling error in Coldham's document. Adding to the mystery, from the Hingham records of 1637 there is also a Thomas Clapp noted as an inhabitant.  The Clapp/Chappe/Chap surname is found in Dorset (starting 1504), Sussex and Northumberland.  However a Thomas Clapp from Devon arrived in Boston in 1633.  A Thomas Shave is also mentioned in the 1637 Hingham records, and while possibly sounding the same, is not even close in surname spelling.  At this point it is uncertain that Thomas Chaffe was in fact Thomas Claff.  However the closeness of the surname spelling in the ship list, the match with the first name; Thomas, the fact that Claff is an uncommon surname, the departure date, the arrival year in Hingham, that fellow passengers were from Devon and Dorset and the proximity of the departure point of Weymouth to Dorset/Somerset/Devon makes the 1637 voyage of the Speedwell the most likely ship. If this link to the Speedwell is correct, it is also doubtful there was two Thomas Chaff's, one arriving in 1635, and another who arrived in 1637 as WH Chaffee has indicated.

The 1901 England Census shows 34 Claffs in Lancaster and London and at the same time over a thousand for Chaff/Chaffe/Chaffey (40% from Dorset, Somerset and Devon).  Rootsweb has 197 listings for Claff but most appear to be redundant/duplicates and none are born in England.  On the same site there are hundreds of Chaff/Chaffe/Chaffey's born in England.  The present US Census Bureau shows a significant population of the Chaff/Chaffe/Chaffey surname but Claff cannot be found. The Bureau does show a a large population of Claffey's. Switchboard.com lists 9 Claff's in their US directory and many Claffee's, Claffery and Claffey's.  On LDS, Claffey appears to be 99% from Ireland and Germany.  LDS show no Claff's in England, and four from Germany. 

If Thomas departed from Southern England and was from a Chaff, Chafe, Chaffe family there is a 92% chance he was from Devonshire. If he was from a Chaffey or Chafy family there is a 31% chance he was from Somerset and  65%chance he was from Dorsetshire.  Overall, looking at England as a whole, the odds he was from outside either of these three shires around 15%.

On July 17th 1637 Thomas took ownership of land on Batchellor Street - 86 days from his departure date.  The Mayflower took 66 days to cross the Atlantic.  The first of the Winthrop Fleet took 61 days in 1630. The Mary & John took 71 days to sail from Plymouth to Nantasket in 1630. With is in mind Thomas, on average, could have had a 66 day voyage and arrived around June 27th, 1637. His first documented date of a land transaction was July 17th, 1637. He likely had a least one neighbour from his homeland; Ralph Smith who left from the Isle of Wight in 1633.

There are still questions that remain unanswered for this thesis to be proven correct. 


woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)Hingham, Massachusetts - 1637-1660
The following is a possible location of where Thomas Chaffe had his first home in Hingham.  It is based on the following recorded events in 1637:

- Two acres of land butting upon Batchellor Street (Batchelor's Rowe) now Main Street
- Land nearly opposite the present meeting-house of the First Parish 
- Neighbour Ralph Smith - Pear Tree Hill
- Neighbour William Ludkin - nearly opposite Water Street

Based on documents from the History of Hingham 1893. The map to the right shows an approximate 2 acres of land in the general area of Thomas' first property.  It is possible the land is on the other side of the street as another reference indicates that Batchellor St. is to the east and William Ludkin to the south.

Thomas_Chaffe_Homestead.jpg (298027 bytes)

Current thought in the town is that the site is adjacent (south east) of the First Parish which is located at 90 Main Street.

CHAFFEE, THOMAS, prob. the ancestor of all who have borne this surname in the United States up to the present century, came to Hing. among the early settlers, and in 1637 drew a house-lot of two acres on Batchellor, now Main St., nearly opposite the present meeting-house of the First Parish.   Other lands were also granted him the same yr. for planting purposes. He prob. remained here until 1642, when he occupied land granted him at Nantasket (Hull), and resided there until ab. 1659. He then removed to Swanzea. In his will of 1680, reference is made to his being "of great age."  He died in 1683 leaving sons Nathaniel and Joseph, from whom have descended a highly respectable posterity.

July 17th 1637 . . . Given unto Thomas Chaffe by the towne for a house lott two acres of land Butting upon Batchellor street eastward bounded with the land of William Ludkin southward.

SMITH (SMYTH), RALPH appears in Hing. 1637, when he drew a house-lot on Batchellor (Main) St. at or near "Pear Tree Hill." He continued to reside here until 1653, when he removed to Eastham, Mass. It is said that he was twice m., the first w. being the mother of his ch. Oct. 27, 1685, adm. was granted to Grace Smith, the relict of Ralph Smith, and Samuel Smith, son to the said Ralph Smith, all of the town of Eastham, in the Colony of New Plymouth, in New England, decrease etc.

LUDKIN, WILLIAM, the smith (locksmith) also from Norwich Eng. and prob bro. of the preceding, had a grant of a house-lot on 1637 on Batchellor (Main) nearly opp. Water St. His w., ch., and a serv. came with him.

TURNER, THOMAS, had a grant of land in Hing. at "Goose Point" 1637. On Apr. 13, 1646, he sold his est here, consisting of five acres of land with a dw. house, thereon, which was located where St. Paul's Catholic Church now stands, to John Otis, Sr., together with two acres in the Broad Cove Meadows, and twelve acres beyond Crooked Meadow Bridge, which had previously been granted and laid out by the town. In 1650 he completed a contract for finishing a "barke" at Boston, and prob. removed from here ab. that time, or shortly after. In 1644 a Thomas Turner was one of four young men who were permitted to build a gallery in the first meeting-house, but whether it was this Thomas or his s. is a problem for investigation. Deane's History says the name afts. appears in Scit.

Mathew Chaffe also has land in the area.  In 1657-58, gives to his son William a lot at Capts Tent (now Hewitt's Cove) in Hingham.  Thus

woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)Barrington, Rhode Island and Seekonk, Massachusetts - 1660-1683

As much as 60 percent of the original settlers of Hingham left before their deaths. There was disenchantment with the way the town was being run by local officials as well as religious-political differences with the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

On May 30, 1660 Thomas Chaffe sold his assets in the Hingham area. "Sell aljene enfeoffe and Confirme vnto the sajd Thomas Loring of the Towne of Hull his heires and Assignes for euer all that my house houseing orchard & two home lotts lying in the Towne of Hull aforesajd Conteigning fower acres more or lesse as they were measured lying North East & South west. John Loring on the South East willjam chamberlajne on the North west the Towne streete on the South west & Ducke Lane on the North east wth my lott of meadow by Streights Riuer & my two lotts at Sagamore hill and my two lotts at Strawbery hill as they stand recorded to be butted & bounded in the Towne booke of Hull aforesajd except one Cowes Comon formerly Sold to willjam Chamberlajne wth all my right Interest & priviledges in all the Islands belonging to the Towne of Hull aforesajd except one the Island Called Peddocks Island..."

On 25 December, 1660, land transactions commenced in the areas of Swansea, Sawomes, Rehoboth and Popanomscut.

Apparently after King Philips' War (1675-76), Baptists moved into Thomas' area and Congregationalists, including Thomas, moved closer toward Barrington. Infant baptism was a primary religious division among Puritans in the Massachusetts Bay area. Baptists were against infant baptism which Congregationalists practiced.  Thomas bought this land in Popanomscut in 1679.

The records of W.H. Chaffee cover the land transactions of Thomas Chaffe.  The maps below show the historical land names of the location of Chaffee homesteads in Seekonk MA, and Barrington RI, a diagram of the land transactions over Thomas' lifetime as well as a map of possible homesteads and burial sites. 

Thomas_Chaffe_Land_Holdings.jpg (294628 bytes)
Homestead/Burial Sites 
of Thomas Chaffee
Thomas_Chaffe_Land_Transactions.jpg (191370 bytes)
Diagram of Land 
Transactions of
Thomas Chaffee
Barrington_indian_map1.jpg (99041 bytes)
Indian Localities
Showing Location
of Necks & 
Barrington_indian_map2.jpg (37587 bytes)
in Swansea
Thomas_Chaffe_Land_Holdings2.jpg (231069 bytes)
Maps showing 
Early Rehoboth
& Cemetery
Chaffee_House_2005_front.jpg (51383 bytes)
464 Chestnut 
Street, Seekonk
Barringtonphoto.jpg (52522 bytes)
Aerial Photo of 
Barrington Area
Thomas_Chaffe_Burial_site.jpg (72416 bytes)
 Thomas Chaffe 
Burial Site

Thomas Chaffe's land transactions in the Swansea area were as follows:
- Dec 1660, 10 acres Rice’s Neck, Sawomes Lands (Seekonk area)
- April 1664, 25 acres 9th lot Wanamoisett (Seekonk area)
- June 1670, 17th share New Meadow Neck (land east opposite Barrington town center) 
- Sep 1675, 6 acres Town of Rehoboth
- April 1679, Popanomscut Peebee’s or Phebe’s Neck (the neck of land on which Barrington resides along the Sawomes/Barrington River)
- May 1683, 10 acres long beach 
- May 1683, 4 acres Meadow Mount Hope Neck (this Neck is 9.5 miles long south of Barrington towards Bristol)

It has been reported that a house at 464 Chestnut Street in Seekonk, MA that was owned by Cyrus Chaffee (1814-1885), was a home of Thomas Chaffee.  It resides next to the Chaffee-Peck Nature Conservatory. The house is dated from the early 1800's, however a local historian believes it to be rebuilt on an original homestead of the Chaffee family. The historian refers to King Phillips War (1676/6) and how families were hold up in the cellar which contained narrow slits in which rifles could defend the homestead. This could be the "Chaffe's Garrison," W.H. Chaffee wrote in this Chaffee History.  Eventually the house was burned during the War and another build on the foundation and cellar. Some structural stone elements of the house could predate the 1800's. According to local settlement patterns Baptists moved into the present day Swansea area and the Puritans families, which included the Chaffee's, moved to the west toward Rehoboth and Barrington. The cemetery located between the house and the Chaffee-Peck Conservatory has two graves for WWII vets; a Chaffee and a Peck.  According to William H. Chaffee, Nathaniell & Israell Peck owned land to the north of Thomas Chaffee in 1660 near Rice’s Neck, Sawomes Lands.

Thomas had a  farm in Popanomscut:
From W.H. Chaffee: 
"The settlers from Hingham and Weymouth located in Seekonk in 1643, the latter including in their number Reverend Samuel Newman, and in 1645 the name was changed at his request to Rehoboth, a scripture name; this first minister of Rehoboth compiled the third Bible Concordance, which far surpassed the other two. Three editions of it were published, the second having been revised from the first, while the author was living in Rehoboth, where he died July 5, 1663. His church was about five miles north of Thomas Chaffe's house, and our worthy ancestor doubtless profited by his sermons and sorrowed with his neighbors over his death."

"He was doubtless buried in the ancient Chaffe Burying Ground on his own farm, a picture of which is here given, though no stone to his memory remains. From information gathered and handed down by the older people, we learn that the house stood but a few rods from the burial ground. This property, located on the west bank of what is now the Barrington River, though in Thomas Chaffe's time it was called the Sowams River, is about two miles northwest of the present town of Barrington Centre, R. I, and is owned by Mr. L. R. Peck."

Thomas likely attended the Newman Congressional Church (formerly in Rehoboth), later in Seekonk, Mass., and now in the village of Rumford, East Providence, R.I., It is supposed to be the burial place of Nathaniel Chaffe, Thomas' son.

Possibilities for Thomas' Burial Site:

                             NATHANIEL CHAFFEE b: 1638 d: 1721
                             |       PROBABLY DOROTHY UNKNOWN
                     JONATHAN CHAFFEE b: 07 APR 1678 d: 31 DEC 1766
                     |       EXPERIENCE BLISS b: 05 FEB 1649 d: 1721
             EPHRIAM CHAFFEE b: 25 JAN 1714 d: 9 JUN 1790
             |       HANNAH CARPENTER b: 10 APR 1685
     SAMUEL BUTTERWORTH CHAFFEE b: 19 DEC 1756 d: 14 SEP 1836
     |       HANNAH BUTTERWORTH b: 1731 d: 05 SEP 1807
CYRUS CHAFFEE b: 18 JAN 1814 d: 9 DEC 1885
     |       ISAAC PECK
     NANCY PECK b: 1787

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The Maryland Calendar of Wills, Volume I Wills from 1635 (Earliest Probated) to 1685
Hambleton River is located near Chestertown MD (39.182ºN, -76.043ºW).  Reed Creek is 20 miles to the south west also along the Chester River:

- October the Last day Anno 1665 The Jury Frances Bellows foreman Evan Morgan Daniell Walker Wm Yeoung Jno Knight Wm Smith Nath: Cleaue Wm Jones Jno Scott Jno Chafe Jno Newman Jno Elliott

- Mill, William, Calvert Co., 13th Mch., 1676; 26th Apr., 1676. To wife Tibitha, execx., life interest in estate. To eld. son William and hrs., “Dunbarre” and “Faddington.” To 2nd John and hrs., and unborn child, if male, “Trenent.” In event of death of any of afsd. sons, survivor or survivors to inherit deceased's portion equally. To daus. (unnamed), personalty. Overseers: Alex. Magrouder, Saml. Tayler, Ninian Bell. Test: Robt. Lindsay, Robt. Fowkes, Richd. Chafey. 5. 23.

- Powell, William, Talbot Co., 29th Mch., 1677; 2nd June, 1677. To sons William and Richard, plantation equally when of age. To wife Bridget, execx.; 2 sons and dau. (unnamed), residue of estate equally. Test: Thos. Hynson, Jno. Chafe. 5. 250.

- Hayling, Thomas, Talbot Co., 24th Feb., 1678; 31st May, 1679. To John and Mary Chafe, personalty. To Rebecca Chafe, 100 A., “The Adventure,” on Reed's Ck. To Richard Chafe, 100 A., “Bachelor's Joy,” on s. side Chester R. In event of death of either of afsd. devisees before the other, survivor to inherit deceased's portion. Should both die, their father to inherit sd. land. Ex. not named. Test: Jno. Trehey, Robt. Morphy, Richard Ellwood, Jno. Watts. 10. 72.

- Bishop, William, Talbot Co., 17th Feb., 1684; 9th May, 1685. To brother Gregory Salter and sister Joan Salter, and her hrs., “Kent Plantation” on Kent Island. To brother Richard Bishop, Sr., in trust for his sons, Richard and William, “Wood's Plantation;” also to sd. brother absolutely, land on Back Ck. To Richard, Jr., afsd. “Kent Plantation” should sister Joan not come into the province or die without issue. To Griffith Thomas, land (unnamed). To Thomas Malve, 200 A. (unnamed). To Walter Jones, 50 A. (unnamed). To Eliza: Salter, land (unnamed). To Abraham Halls, land (unnamed). To Thomas Seaward, Sr., “Tippings's Plantation.” To Nicholas Clouds, “Bishopstone.” To godson Richard Chaffe and hrs., 200 A. on Hambleton Branch. To Michael and Thomas, sons of Thomas Seaward, and hrs., “Bishopsfield” and “Dangerfield.” To brother John, the poor of the parish, Alice and Mary Jones, daus. of Walter Jones, Samuel Cumbar, when of age, Frances Wood, widow of William Wood, and Joan his dau., personalty. Exs.: Cous. Thos. Seaward, Nich. Clouds. Test: Thos. Broff, Jno. Jackson, Thos. Bayley. 4. 106.

- A certain Miles Chaffe, the master of John Meredith, sued the administrator of the estate of Francis Bullock to collect the large sum of 2999 pounds of tobacco “for severall potions of physick & attendance administered to Bullock by Meredith, servant” of Chaffe (pp. 325-326). Chaffe also sued Robert Row- lands for physick administered to the latter's family by his servant Meredith. The cases were nonsuited because a quietus est, previously granted the administrator, rendered the estate immune to suit (p. 326). Had more than 2999 pounds of tobacco been claimed by Chafe, action could not have been brought in a county court, the Provincial Court having jurisdiction where the sum involved was 3000 pounds of tobacco and upwards. There were three other litigants who sued to collect payment for varying amounts of physick, without indication as to whether or not medical attention was also involved. One of these was entered by no less a person than James Lindsay, one of the justices (p. 110). The administrator of the estate of Samuel Burford successfully sued Henry Moore, who was a carpenter, for 1280 pounds of tobacco for physick administered by Burford to Moore (p. 264). As the result of a petition to the Upper House of Assembly by Alexander Howell, a former servant of Mrs. Elizabeth Weeks, who had been disabled “by a distemper of the numbe Paulsy and shaking of his Joynts, and a lameness in his backe and knees and leggs”, the Charles County commissioners were ordered by the Assembly to provide for him (Arch. Md. II; 14). The county court record shows that Thomas Gibson agreed to provide for Howell with “sufficient meate, drinke, and Cloaths washing and Lodging at 1400 lbs. [of tobacco] per annum” (pp. 20-21). The Charles County court finally relieved itself of the care of Gibson, when at the March, 1667/8, session, it agreed to pay Absolem Covent, a Bristol merchant, 1000 pounds of tobacco to transport him to England (p. 123).

- Walter Peake was an affluent and influential man in early Maryland society. He served in the Lower House of the Provincial Government1 in 1649. He was a planter, miller, and kept an inn at St. Lawrence in Bretton's Bay. He was also a practicing attorney, involved in 121 documented court proceedings. A legal case of particular interest transpired in the Charles County Court in June of 1668, in which Walter Peake, identified as a resident of St. Mary's County, sued Miles Chaffe for 795 pounds of tobacco for a debt which was not yet due. He claimed that Chaffe was a "non-resident person" and demanded payment of the debt. Chaffe denied nonresident status and stated that he had agreed, in return for accommodation in the county, to undertake employment to repay the debt. The court found in favor of the defendant, whereupon Peake's attorney entered an appeal to the Provincial Court. This appeal was never heard due to the tragic events that later took place. Of note in this case is the fact that Peake's attorney was William Price.

A James Chafe was a soldier who assisted in fighting during King Phillip's War (1676/6) in Rhode Island under Capt. Samuel Brocklebank, Sept 23d, 1676.  At the same time Joseph Chaffe (1639-1694) and Nathaniel Chaffe (b.1638-1721) who were habitants of Rehoboth, contributed in the expenses to fund the Plymouth Colony in this same war.

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WORLD EVENTS 1636-1638

woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)1636
- King Charles I of England is in his 12th year of a 24 year reign. 
26 Mar. University of Utrecht holds its opening ceremony.
- 29 Apr. Esaias Reusner, composer, is born.
- 4 Jul. Founding of Providence, R. I. by Roger Williams, who establishes Rhode Island as a place of religious toleration. 
- Jul. The murder in 1634 of Capt. John Stone, a disreputable English seaman and merchant, and of trader John Oldham on 20 July 1636, reportedly by Pequots, leads to reprisals against Pequot settlements. This marks the beginning of the Pequot War, although the conflict is not officially so designated until 1637.
- French crown grants Gulf of Maine and Bay of Fundy to d'Aulnay; La Tour gets Nova Scotia peninsula.  In the summer d’Aulnay settles 40 families in Port Royal, Nova Scotia.
- 8 Aug. The invading armies of Spain, Austria and Bavaria are stopped at the village of St.-Jean-de-Losne, only 50 miles from France.
- 24 Aug. Governor Henry Vane commissions John Endicott to assemble a force of 90 men to seek out the Block Island tribe of Pequots and demand their surrender.  Endicott destroys the Block Island settlement. In retaliation, the Pequots attack Fort Saybrook and its commander Lieutenant Lion Gardiner. 
- 8 Sep. Harvard College, the first college in America, is founded as Cambridge College. The institution changed its name two years later in honor of the Reverend John Harvard, who gave the institution three hundred books and a large sum of money for the day. 
- 18 Sep. Pietro Sanmartini, composer, is born.
- 4 Oct. The Massachusetts Plymouth Company drafts its 1st law.
- 1 Nov. Nicholas Boileaus, French poet and historian, is born.
- 15 Nov. The Constitution of Plymouth Colony signed.
- 17 Nov. Henrique Dias, Brazilian general, wins a decisive battle against the Dutch in Brazil.
- In the Colony of New Plymouth, whomever shall kill a wolf shall be given four bushels of corn.
- Rembrandt van Rijn makes his etching Self-portrait with Saskia.
- Henry Adams reaches Massachusetts and settles on 40 acres of land in Braintree. He fathers eight sons. He is the great-grandfather of John Adams, 2nd president of the US.
- In Mexico a city wall is built around Veracruz.
- The first French women arrive in Acadia aboard the Saint-Jehan at LaHave. 

woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)1637
- Roger Williams helps to convince the Narragansetts, traditional enemies of the Pequots, to join the New Englanders' side of the conflict. 
- 15 Feb. Ferdinand II (58), King of Bohemia, Hun, German Emperor (1619-37), dies. Ferdinand III succeeds him as Holy Roman Emperor.
- 5 Mar. John van der Heyden, Dutch painter, inventor (fire extinguisher), is born.
- 13 May. Cardinal Richelieu of France creates the table knife.
- 20 Jan. Boston clergyman John Wheelwright preaches a sermon supporting the ideas of Anne Hutchinson and her followers and is thereby sentenced to banishment in November. Anne Hutchinson is sentenced to banishment at the same time. 
- 26 May. The burning of the Pequot fort by Capt. John Mason and his forces at Fort Mystic, Connecticut, kills 300-700 men, women, and children 
- 12 Jun. Ship Money tax traditionally paid by coastal areas for support of ships in the navy is extended to inland areas allowing Charles I to raise tees without calling Parliament. Most of this money goes straight to Charles pocketbook.
- 23 Jul. Scots revolt. In Edinburgh, Jenny Geddes rejects reading new prayer book. Presbyterians is Scotland resist Scottish book of Common Prayer
- 23 Jul. King Charles of England hands over the American colony of Massachusetts to Sir Fernando Gorges, one of the founders of the Council of New England.
- 28 Jul. Most of the remaining Pequots are killed near New Haven, Connecticut, by combined forces from Massachusetts and Connecticut. To prevent the re-election of Governor Vane, who is sympathetic to Anne Hutchinson and her ideas, John Winthrop moves the voting to Newtown and thus is himself elected Governor of the colony.
- 20 Oct. Nicolaas van der Veken, Flemish sculptor (confessional chairs), is born.
- 7 Nov. Anne Hutchinson is banished from the Mass Bay colony as a heretic.
- 20 Nov. Peter Minuit & 1st Dutch and Swedish immigrants to Delaware sails from Sweden. Peter later purchased Manhattan Island for 60 guilders.
- 7 Dec. Barnardo Pasquini, composer, is born.
- First mounted mail service is inaugurated between Boston and New York.
- In Boston, the bounty on wolves is elevated to 10 shillings.
- French classical dramatist Pierre Corneille's masterpiece, Le Cid.
- René Descartes' Discourse on Method is turning point to modern philosophy. To solve any problem, it is helpful to divide the question into a set, or series, of smaller problems, and solve each one in turn.
- Painter Nicolas Poussin, The Rape of the Sabine Women and The Nurture of Jupiter.
- David Kirke named co-proprietor of Newfoundland. He was Newfoundland's first Governor under a charter granted to the Company of Adventurers.
- Wickford RI. founded by Richard Smith. 
- James Morton publishes New English Canaan, a satiric book describing his encounters with the New England Pilgrims.
- The Dutch tulip bulb craze crashes as futures prices become too high for speculators to pay off and take delivery.
- The Christians of Shimabara, Japan, rebels.
- Ben Jonson (b.1572[3]), English dramatist and poet, dies.

woodbullet.gif (174 bytes)1638 
- 28 Feb. Covenant signed at Greyfriars, Edinburgh formally resisting Anglican prayer book.
- 28 Feb. Henri duc de Rohan, French soldier, Huguenot leader, dies.
- 7 Mar. Banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for her religious beliefs, Anne and William Hutchinson and William Coddington leave Boston and establish Pocasset, or Portsmouth, Rhode Island as a haven for Antinomians, a religious sect whose beliefs resembled those of Quakerism.
- 3 Mar. Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden.
- 22 Mar. Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson is expelled from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
- 23 Mar. Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist, is born.
- 29 Mar. Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden.
- 13 Apr. Duke Henri II (58), French Huguenot leader, dies.
- 6 May. Cornelius Jansen, theologian (Jansenism), dies.
- 1 Jun. The first earthquake is recorded in the U.S. at Plymouth, Mass.
- 16 Sep. Louis XIV, The Sun King (1643-1715) is born at St. Germain-en-Laye, France. He later built the palace at Versailles.
- 21 Sep. Signing of the Treaty of Hartford formally ends the Pequot War. Remaining members of the Pequot tribe are divided up among the Puritans’ Indian allies; Pequot territories are turned over to the Puritans as spoils of war.  This treaty marked the end of the Pequots as a distinct people.
- 3 Aug, 5 Oct, 19 Oct. Three hurricanes in the Boston area, including Rhode Island.
- 24 Dec. The Ottomans under Murad IV recaptures Baghdad from Safavid Persia.
- Galileo publishes Discourses Concerning Two New Sciences summarizing the principals of Mechanics. He smuggles out the book to a publisher in Holland.
- Ship "Diligent" of Ipswich, England brings additional 133 settlers from Hingham and Norfolk, England under the leadership of minister Robert Peck.
- Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes 1st European settler in the Bronx.
- Pawtuxet RI founded by William Harris and the Arnold family.
- The first American printing press set up in Cambridge, Massachusetts by Stephen Daye.
- Charter granted to form the Military Company of Massachusetts.
- Pedro Texeira makes the first ascent of the Amazon River, from its mouth to Quito, Ecuador.
- The Netherlands colonizes Mauritius.
- Shipwrecked sailors from England found the first known European settlement in Belize.
- Rembrandt van Rijn paints the Portrait of Willem Bartolsz Ruyter, a Dutch actor.
- Joachim Wytawael (Wtewael, b.1566), Dutch mannerist painter, dies. His work includes The Adoration of the Shepherds.
- Monteverdi composes the madrigal Il Combattimento de Tanncredi e Corinda.
- Thomas Emerson arrives from England and settles in Ipswich, Massachusetts. Ralph Waldo Emerson, American philosopher, poet and author is born five generations later.
- The New England colonies had passed laws, one of which was that it was a felony to run off to the Indians.

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Thomas Chaffee could possibly be buried at or near the following cemetery in Barrington.
HISTORICAL CEMETERY #BA500 CHAFFEE LOT BARRINGTON RI PRINCE'S HILL RD NOTE: Two Chaffee gravestones were located on the land of Leander Peck off Prince's Hill Rd. as late as 1898. 
(Bicknell). THB: "in pasture with no other stone on land of Asa Peck. This cemetery has been recorded but not checked. This cemetery is not registered and has not been located.

It should be noted that Nathaniel and Israel Peck's land were north of the land of Thomas Chafe - Dec 1660, 10 acres Rice's Neck Sawomes Lands.  Asa Peck, who owned the land in question was born in 1812.  To the west and south were John Allan's land. Note: Prince Pond in Barrington is now called Tiffany Pond.

There is also located an HISTORICAL CEMETERY #: BA010 BROWN LOT BARRINGTON RI NYATT ROAD.  James Brown was Thomas Chaffee neighbour starting in 1664.  Also HISTORICAL CEMETERY #: BA012 PECK LOT BARRINGTON RI (MOVED TO PRINCE'S HILL CEMETERY).  Nathaniell & Israell Peck were Thomas' neighbour's starting in 1660. 

The future generations of Thomas' offspring would generate much of the Chaffee and Chafee surname in the United States. Table 1 shows the number of Chaffee burials with respect to other surnames sounding similar.  Table 2 shows how the Chaffee surname gravesites are distributed by city in Rhode Island. 

Table 1. Rhode Island Cemetery Surname Distribution (1678 to 1967)
Surname Chaffee Chafee Chaffey Chaffe Chaffin Chace Chase Total
Gravesites  111 65 1 2 9 536 636 1360
Table 2. Rhode Island Gravesite Analysis - By Cemetery Location (1678 to 1957)
Cemetery Chaffee Chafee Chaffey Chaffe Total
Barrington 2       2
Bristol 4 4     8
Cranston 1       1
Coventry 3       3
East Providence 32 1 1 2 36
Hopkinton 6       6
Newport 10       10
Providence 41 53     94
Pawtucket 5       5
Richmond 2 3     5
Warwick 2 4     6
Westerly 3       3
Gravesites 111 65 1 2 179

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Thomas Chaffe 1664

Mathew Chaffe 1636-1654

Nathaniel Chaffe 1695
















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THOMAS CHAFFEE and PROBABLY DOROTHY had the following children:
2 i. NATHANIEL2 CHAFFEE 1638-1721.
ii. JOSEPH CHAFFEE 1639-1642, died 1694

NATHANIEL2 CHAFFEE (THOMAS1)(1) was born in NANTASKET, MASS 1638. NATHANIEL died 9/1721 in REHOBOTH, MASS, at 83 years of age.
He married EXPERIENCE BLISS in SWANSEA, MASS, 8/19/1669. EXPERIENCE was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 2/5/1649. EXPERIENCE was the daughter of JOHNATHAN BLISS and MIRIAM HARMON. EXPERIENCE died 9/1721 in REHOBOTH, MASS, at 72 years of age.
NATHANIEL CHAFFEE and EXPERIENCE BLISS had the following children:
5 ii. THOMAS CHAFFEE was born 10/19/1672.
6 iii. RACHEL CHAFFEE was born in MASS. 9/7/1673. RACHEL died 2/28/1703 in REHOBOTH, MASS, at 29 years of age.
7 iv. NATHANIEL CHAFFEE (JR) was born 2/8/1675.
8 v. JOHNATHAN CHAFFEE was born 4/7/1678.
9 vi. DAVID CHAFFEE was born 8/22/1680.
10 vii. EXPERIENCE CHAFFEE was born 3/24/1682.
11 viii. MEHITABLE CHAFFEE was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 6/10/1685. MEHITABLE died 8/6/1699 in REHOBOTH, MASS, at 14 years of age.
12 ix. DANIEL CHAFFEE was born 10/30/1687.
13 x. NOAH CHAFFEE was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 1/19/1690-1. NOAH died 7/9/1691 in REHOBOTH, MAS, at 1 year of age.
14 xi. NOAH CHAFFEE (2) was born 12/17/1692.

JOSEPH2 CHAFFEE (THOMAS1) was born in NANTASKET, MASS 1639-1646. JOSEPH died 10/28//1694 in SWANSEA, MASS, at 55 years of age.
He married ANNIS MARTIN in SWANSEA, MASS, 12/8/1670. ANNIS was born in REHOBOTH, MASS. ANNIS was the daughter of RICHARD MARTIN. ANNIS died 3/30/1729 in BARRINGTON, MASS.
JOSEPH CHAFFEE and ANNIS MARTIN had the following children:
15 i. ANNIS3 CHAFFEE. She married DANIEL ALLEN in BARRINGTON, MASS, 10/15/1743.
She was baptized in REHOBOTH, MASS, 6/6/1736. Religion: 1ST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH.
16 ii. ABIGAIL CHAFFEE. She married THOMAS FIELD in PROVIDENCE, RI, 4/28/1737.
17 iii. MARY CHAFFEE was born in SWANSEA, MASS 2/21/1671. MARY died 5/7/1674 in SWANSEA, MASS, at 3 years of age.
18 iv. JOHN CHAFFEE was born 12/16/1673.
19 v. MARY(2) CHAFFEE was born 10/23/1675.
20 vi. JOSEPH CHAFFEE (JR) was born 2/6/1677.
21 vii. DOROTHY CHAFFEE was born 9/4/1682. DOROTHY died 8/27/1698 at 15 years of age.
22 viii. ELIZABETH CHAFFEE was born 3/18/1685. She married JOSIAH (JOSEPH) PAINE.
23 ix. SARAH CHAFFEE was born in SWANSEA, MASS 3/26/1713. She married SAMUEL LUTHER in SWANSEA, MASS, 3/26/1713.

THOMAS3 CHAFFEE (NATHANIEL2, THOMAS1)(3) was born in SWANSEA, MASS 10/19/1672. THOMAS died 2/21/1752 in REHOBOTH, MASS, at 79 years of age.
He married MARGARET CARPENTER in REHOBOTH, MASS, 6/4/1695. MARGARET was born 5/4/1675. MARGARET was the daughter of JOSEPH CARPENTER and MARGARET SUTTON. MARGARET died 5/6/1751 in REHOBOTH, MASS, at 76 years of age.
THOMAS CHAFFEE and MARGARET CARPENTER had the following children:
30 i. MARGARET4 CHAFFEE was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 9/10/1696. She married JOSEPH BAKER in BARRINGTON, MASS, 3/30/1719.
31 ii. RACHEL CHAFFEE was born 11/1/1698.
32 iii. MEHITABLE CHAFFEE was born 11/23/1700.
33 iv. AMOS CHAFFEE was born 7/7/1702.
34 v. EXPERIENCE CHAFFEE was born 7/1/1705.
35 vi. TABITHA CHAFFEE was born 9/11/1709.
36 vii. THOMAS CHAFFEE (JR) was born 12/10/1712.

He married MERCY 1701.
NATHANIEL CHAFFEE (JR) and MERCY had the following child:
37 i. DOROTHY4 CHAFFEE was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 3/17/1702. She married JAMES COLE in SWANSEA, MASS, 4/25/1723.
She was baptized in 1ST CONGREGATIONAL CHR., 4/17/1709. Religion: religion unknown.

JOHNATHAN3 CHAFFEE (NATHANIEL2, THOMAS1) was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 4/7/1678. JOHNATHAN died 12/31/1766 in REHOBOTH, MASS, at 88 years of age.
He married HANNAH CARPENTER in REHOBOTH, MASS, 11/23/1703. HANNAH was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 4/10/1685. HANNAH was the daughter of WILLIAM CARPENTER and MIRIAM SEARLES.
JOHNATHAN CHAFFEE and HANNAH CARPENTER had the following children:
45 viii. JOHNATHAN CHAFFEE (JR) was born 6/25/1704.
46 ix. NATHANIEL CHAFFEE was born 10/20/1705.
47 x. HANNAH CHAFFEE was born 10/3/1707.
48 xi. DAN CHAFFEE was born 2/6/1710.
49 xii. EPHRIAM CHAFFEE was born 1/25/1715.

DAVID3 CHAFFEE (NATHANIEL2, THOMAS1) was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 8/22/1680. DAVID died 2/25/1750 in REHOBOTH, MASS, at 69 years of age.
He married twice. He married PATIENCE ATHERTON in REHOBOTH, MASS, 4/7/1708. PATIENCE(5) was the daughter of WATCHING ATHERTON. PATIENCE died 1/28/1731. He married HANNAH PIDGRE 3/5/1733.
DAVID CHAFFEE and PATIENCE ATHERTON had the following children:
52 iii. DAVID CHAFFEE (JR) was born 2/27/1708.
53 iv. ELIZABETH CHAFFEE was born 3/21/1710.
54 v. PATIENCE CHAFFEE was born 4/14/1713.
55 vi. ATHERTON CHAFFEE was born 4/7/1715.
56 vii. MARY CHAFFEE was born 6/15/1717.

EXPERIENCE3 CHAFFEE (NATHANIEL2, THOMAS1) was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 3/24/1682. EXPERIENCE died 4/19/1754 in REHOBOTH, MASS, at 72 years of age.
TIMOTHY CARPENTER and EXPERIENCE CHAFFEE had the following children:
59 iii. AMOS CARPENTER was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 2/12/1715. He married twice. He married POLLY GOULD. He married PHEBE GOULD.
60 iv. EXPERIENCE CARPENTER was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 6/2/1718. She married SAMUEL SMITH.
61 v. DOROTHY CARPENTER was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 4/20/1720.
62 vi. TIMOTHY CARPENTER (JR) was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 10/24/1721. He married MOLLY SWEETING. MOLLY was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 4/24/1729. MOLLY was the daughter of JOHN SWEETING and RACHEL CHAFFEE.
63 vii. PATIENCE CARPENTER was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 4/8/1725. She married DAVID THURSTON.

DANIEL3 CHAFFEE (NATHANIEL2, THOMAS1)(6) was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 10/30/1687. DANIEL died 2/13/1768 in ATTLEBORO, MASS, at 80 years of age.
He married twice. He married ALICE MILLERD in REHOBOTH, MASS, 3/26/1713. He married PERCES ORMSBY in ATTLEBORO, MASS, 11/3/1757.
DANIEL CHAFFEE and ALICE MILLERD had the following children:
71 viii. DANIEL CHAFFEE (JR) was born 12/14/1721

NOAH3 CHAFFEE (2) (NATHANIEL2, THOMAS1) was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 12/17/1692. NOAH died 10/5/1732 in REHOBOTH, MASS, at 39 years of age. His body was interred in EAST PROVIDENCE, RI.
He married twice. He married SARAH CARPENTER in REHOBOTH, MASS, 5/5/1720. SARAH was born in REHOBOTH, MASS 3/3/1696. SARAH was the daughter of ABIAH CARPENTER and MEHITABLE REED. SARAH died 9/10/1722 in REHOBOTH, MASS, at 26 years of age. He married HEPZIBAH DAGGETT in REHOBOTH,MASS, 12/16/1725. HEPZIBAH was born 1701. HEPZIBAH died 8/12/1736 at 35 years of age.
NOAH CHAFFEE (2) and HEPZIBAH DAGGETT had the following children:
74 iii. SHUBAEL CHAFFEE was born 3/23/1729.
NOAH CHAFFEE (2) and SARAH CARPENTER had the following child:
75 iv. SARAH CHAFFEE was born 8/20/1722.

JOHN3 CHAFFEE (JOSEPH2, THOMAS1) was born in SWANSEA, MASS 12/16/1673.
He married twice. He married SARAH HILLS in SWANSEA, MASS, 7/17/1700. SARAH was born in MALDEN, MASS. SARAH was the daughter of GERSHOM HILL and ELIZABETH CHADWICK. SARAH died 4/7/1735 in WOODSTOCK, CON. He married ELIZABETH HAYWARD in ASHFORD, CON., 11/4/1735.
JOHN CHAFFEE and SARAH HILLS had the following children:
76 i. JOSEPH4 CHAFFEE was born 1/17/1701.
77 ii. JOEL CHAFFEE was born 1702.
78 iii. EBENEZER CHAFFEE was born 9/22/1704.
79 iv. JOHN CHAFFEE (JR) was born 2/10/1706.
80 v. HEZEKIAH CHAFFEE was born 4/19/1706.

MARY(2)3 CHAFFEE (JOSEPH2, THOMAS1) was born in SWANSEA, MASS 10/23/1675.
She married DANIEL WHITAKER in REHOBOTH, MASS, 4/16/1703.
MARY(2) CHAFFEE and DANIEL WHITAKER had the following children:

JOSEPH3 CHAFFEE (JR) (JOSEPH2, THOMAS1) was born in SWANSEA, MASS 2/6/1677. JOSEPH died 8/10/1759 in WOODSTOCK, CON, at 82 years of age.
He married twice. He married ABIGAIL HILL in MALDEN, MASS, 12/1/1709. ABIGAIL was the daughter of GERSHOM HILL and ELIZABETH CHADWICK. ABIGAIL died 10/2/1710 in SWANSEA, MASS. He married JEMIMA CHADWICK in FALMOUTH, MASS, 10/16/1712.
JOSEPH CHAFFEE (JR) and JEMIMA CHADWICK had the following children:
92 iii. JAMES CHAFFEE was born 1713.
93 iv. ABIGAIL CHAFFEE was born 3/15/1714.
94 v. THOMAS CHAFFEE was born 10/18/1716.
95 vi. SAMUEL CHAFFEE was born 1723.
96 vii. JOSIAH CHAFFEE was born 9/1/1731.
JOSEPH CHAFFEE (JR) and ABIGAIL HILL had the following child:
97 viii. BENJAMIN CHAFFEE was born 9/11/1710.

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1 Thomas Chaffe b: Bet. 1610 - 1615 England d: 1678 Rehoboth (Swansea), Bristol County, Massachusetts
+Dorothy Unknown b: Bet. 1599 - 1622 Unknown m: Abt. 1641 Nantasket (now Hull), Plymouth County, Massachusetts? d: Bet. 1645 - 1711 Massachusetts

Thomas Chaffe, probably born about 1610-1615 in England, possibly near or in the towns of Hingham, Hull, or Chaffcombe; probably arrived MA 1630-1635, possibly in the 900 Puritans with John Winthrop in 1630; records indicate he was living single in Hingham, MA in 1635. In 1642 he was granted land for farming and house in Nantasket, Plymouth County. Nantasket was renamed Hull in 1644 because the Indian name, which translated as "Bare Cove," apparently offended Puritan sensibilities, and some of the residents were from Hull, England. Thomas probably married a Dorothy in Hull; however, the town records of that period have been lost. Sons Nathaniel and Joseph were born in Hull. Apparently moved from Hull about 1660 to the area known at various times as part of the towns of Rehoboth, Swansea, Barrington, Seekonk, Cumberland, Attleboro, Pawtucket, and East Providence; ceded to RI in 1861. Died shortly before his will was filed on Mar. 6, 1682/3. Most Chaffee families in US are his descendants. Origins of family name in Chafecombe, now Chaffcombe, near Chard, Somerset County (Somersetshire), England, and descendants in America are documented in "The Chaffee Genealogy" by William H. Chaffee, 1908, the Grafton Press, NY, NY.
Thomas Chaffe was most likely unmarried on July 17, 1637. Small parcels of land were granted to bachelors as sufficient to meet their needs. Bachelor Street became Main Street, and the original Chaffe home lot is opposite the old meeting house. The last piece of property was recorded that year as given to Thomas Chaffe by the town.
In 1642, Thomas' name appears in the records of Nantasket, later called Hull. This town adjoins Hingham and is located on a peninsula protruding out into Massachusetts Bay. Nantasket is even older than Hingham, with the first building erected by people from Plymouth on or before 1624 and used in their trade with the "Massachusetts."
In 1644 the town was renamed Hull, and a church formed there. It was said to have twenty houses, and a minister. In both Hingham and Hull, Thomas Chaffe was a fisherman and a farmer. The name of his wife and date and place they were married is unknown, though it is suspected he was married in Hull, as records in Hingham are copious, and do not include this. The town records of Hull, on the other hand, are lost. As both of Thomas' sons named their daughters Dorothy, this is probably his wife's first name. It was not a name found in the families of their wives. Naming patterns of that day usually repeated every other generation.
On October 31, 1670, Thomas Chaffe signed a deed from February 4, 1650,selling eight acres on Pleasant Hill to Thomas Gill of Hingham, MA. Thomas and his son Joseph traveled there from Swansea where they were living at the time.
The last official record of Thomas Chaffe in Hull is in 1657. Between then and 1660 he moved from Hull and had probably settled in Rehoboth, then in Plymouth Colony, where another deed, dated May 30, 1660, has been found. He is listed as a proprietor in Rehoboth (formerly known as Seecunk or Seekonk) as early as 1660. Rehoboth was first expored by Plymouth Colony settlers in July, 1621, when they visited Chief Massasoit of the Sowama Country, and bought land called Wannamoisett. Swansea, where Chaffe settled, was located within it. Rehoboth is the name of another part of this tract. Here he bought land a few months after selling his property in Hull, November 9, 1660 or January 4, 1661. In 1668 Rehoboth and Swansea were separated and he probably lived in Swansea, although he continued to identify himself as being of Rehoboth, so he probably still owned land there.
The last land record mentioning his name was dated March 16, 1679/80. He made out his will July 25, 1680. The date of his death was probably not long before filing his will, May 16, 1683. He may be buried in the ancient Chaffe Burying Ground on his farm, although there is no marker. It is believed his house stood nearby. It is on the west bank of the Barrington River, formerly known as the Sowams River, 2 miles northwest of Barrington Centre, Rhode Island.

Savage's New England Genealogy says:
CHAFFEE, CHAFFY, or CHAFFIN, EBENEZER, Boston, m. bef. 1690, Elizabeth d. of Nathaniel Adams. JOSEPH, Swanzey, s. perhaps, of Thomas, had Mary, wh. d. 7 May 1674; John, b. 16 Sept. 1673; and Dorothy, [[vol. 1, p. 352]] 4 Sept. 1682. MATTHEW, Boston 1636, ship carpenter, freem. 17 May 1637, ar. co. 1642, had w. Sarah, rem. to Newbury, and in Sept. 1649 bot. the large farm of Dr. John Clark. NATHANIEL, Swanzey, s. perhaps of Thomas, by w. Experience had Thomas, b. 19 Oct. 1672; Rachel, 7 Sept. 1673; Nathaniel, 8 Feb. 1676; Jonathan, 7 Apr. 1678; David, 23 Aug. 1680; Experience, 24 Mar. of unkn. yr. THOMAS, Hingham 1637, rem. to Swanzey bef. 1660.

2 Nathaniel Chaffe b: Bet. 1638 - 1642 Nantasket (Hull), Plymouth County, Massachusetts d: Sep 1721 Rehoboth, Bristol County, Massachusetts or 1730
2 Joseph Chaffe b: Bet. 1639 - 1646 Nantasket (later Hull) , Plymouth County, Massachusetts d: 28 Oct 1694 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts
+Annis Martin b: Bet. 1632 - 1656 Rehoboth, Bristol County, Massachusetts m: 08 Dec 1670 Rehoboth, Bristol County, Massachusetts d: Abt. Mar 1729/30 Barrington, Bristol County, Rhode Island Father: Richard Martin
Named executor of his father's estate, and on May 15, 1683, settled it.
Joseph Chaffe was probably born in Nantasket (later Hull), Plymouth County, Massachusetts, between 1639 and 1646. He probably moved with his parents and brother from Hull to Rehoboth between 1657 and 1660. In 1667, the part of the town where they lived became a separate town called Swansea. It is in the Swansea records that Joseph Chaffe is first mentioned -- in 1670: "Joseph Chafy his ear mark for all sorts of cattell is a slit in the upper side of the left ear and a slit in the under side of the right ear."
On February 5, 1672, Joseph and his brother Nathaniel signed with others an agreement made to the building of a fence. On January 22, 1673, the Proprietors, including Joseph and Nathaniel agree, "all Moable grase aJoyning to any of our Medows Belongs to the said Meadow." On September 12, 1688, Joseph sold his salt meadows in Swansea to Thomas Barnes. In 1689, at a town meeting, he was appointed the office of Viewer of Fences, along with Thomas Barnes, to help settle differences between landowners concerning their fence lines. He has listed as a Proprietor, but not as an inhabitant of Rehoboth at that time. He was reappointed for this office in 1693 and in 1694. He made his will on September 22, 1694, five weeks before he died. It was filed with his inventory on November 13, 1694, by his wife Annis and his two sons. On that day, they gave bond for the faithful performance of their duties in administering the estate, their sureties being Nathaniel Chaffee, Joseph's brother; and John Ormsby who might have been Annis Chaffe's brother-in-law, husband of her sister Eleanor--or his son John.
Joseph Chaffee's will is registered at the Bristol County, Massachusetts, Registry of Wills, at Taunton, Vol. VII, p. 105.
Immediately following the record of the will is the signed statement from Ann Chafey, John Chafe, and Joseph Chaffee posting bond of two hundred seventy pounds to ensure the proper administration of the estate. This document is also signed by Joseph's brother Nathaniel, and John Ormsbee, a kinsman of Annis.
He donated to the Colonial cause of King Philip's War: King Philip's War was named after King Philip, chief of the Wampanoag Indians. The war began when the English executed three Native Americans for murder. It involved several Native American peoples and all the New England colonies before the tribes were defeated.

Joseph Chaffe, b. probably between 1639 and 1646; d. 28th Oct. 1694, in Swansea, Mass. Resided in Nantasket, County of Bristol. m. 8th Dec. 1670, at Swansea, Mass., Annis Martin, d. Mar. 1729-30, in Barrington, Mass., dau. of Richard MARTIN, of Rehoboth, Mass.
I. Mary, b. 21st Feb. 1671-72; d. 7th May, 1674, in Swansea, Mass.
II. John, b. 16th Dec. 1673; d. 2d Dec. 1757.
III. Mary, b. 23d Oct. 1675; m. Daniel Whittaker.
IV. Joseph, b. 6th May, 1677; m. (firstly) Abigail HILLS; m. (secondly) Jemima Chadwick.
V. Annis (Ann, Annie, Anna), m. 15th Oct. 1743, in Barrington, Mass., Daniel Allen, of that place.
VI. Dorothy, b. 4th Sept. 1682; d. 27th Aug. 1698.
VII. Elizabeth, b. 18th Mar. 1685; m. Josiah (Joseph) RAINE.
VIII. Sarah, b. 18th Mar. 1687; m. 26th Mar. 1713, in Swansea, Mass., Samuel Luther, son of Samuel Luther, Jr., and grandson of Elder Luther.
IX. Abigail, probably m. 28th Apr. 1737, in Providence, R. I., Thomas Fielder.
3 John Chaffe b: 16 Dec 1673 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts d: 02 Dec 1757 Woodstock, Windham County, Connecticut +Elizabeth Hayward b: 1673 d: 1760
+Sarah Hills b: 1675 Malden, Middlesex County, Massachusetts m: 17 Jul 1700 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts d: 07 Apr 1735 Woodstock, Windham County, Connecticut Father: Gershom Hills Mother: Elizabeth Chadwick
3 Mary Chaffe b: 21 Feb 1671/72 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts d: 07 May 1674 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts
3 Mary Chaffe b: 23 Oct 1675 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts d: Unknown Unknown
3 Joseph Chaffe, Jr. b: 06 Feb 1676/77 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts d: Bef. 10 Aug 1759 Woodstock, Windham County, Connecticut
3 Annis Chaffe b: Bet. 1679 - 1701 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts
3 Dorothy Chaffe b: 04 Sep 1682 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts d: 27 Aug 1698 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts
3 Elizabeth Chaffe b: 18 Mar 1684/85 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts
3 Sarah Chaffe b: 18 Mar 1686/87 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts
3 Abigail Chaffe b: Abt. 1689 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts
4 Joseph Chaffe b: 17 Jul 1701 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts d: 15 Mar 1760
4 Joel Chaffee b: 1702 d: 1745
+Elizabeth Bicknell b: 1712 d: 1757 Father: Thomas Bicknell
4 Ebenezer Chaffee b: 22 Sep 1704 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts d: 1784
4 Hezekiah Chaffe b: 19 Apr 1706 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts
4 John Chaffe b: 10 Feb 1706/07 Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts
5 Joshua Chaffee
5 Lucy Chaffee b: 1742 d: 1797
+John Call b: 1739 d: 1808
6 John Call b: 1761 d: 1831
+Fanny Johnson b: 16 May 1764 Woodstock, Windham County, Connecticut m: 06 Dec 1784 Colrain, Franklin County, Massachusetts d: 27 Apr 1801 Colrain, Franklin County, Massachusetts Father: Moses Johnson Mother: Mercy Fox
7 Eber Call b: 14 Jul 1791 Colrain, Franklin County, Massachusetts d: 28 Dec 1864 Paisley, Lake County, Florida
+Violette Lawrence b: 1792 m: 10 Sep 1816 Colrain, Franklin County, Massachusetts d: 1870
8 Charles Call b: 22 Mar 1822 Colrain, Franklin County, Massachusetts d: 06 Jan 1890 Paisley, Lake County, Florida
+Henrietta Gross b: 1837 m: 09 Sep 1855 Pella, Marion County, Iowa d: 1910
9 Flora Call b: 22 Apr 1868 Steuben, Huron County, Ohio d: 26 Nov 1938 North Hollywood, Los Angeles County, California
+Elias Disney b: 1859 Canada m: 01 Jan 1888 Florida d: 1941
10 Herbert Arthur Disney b: 08 Dec 1888
10 Raymond Arnold Disney b: 1890
10 Roy Oliver Disney b: 1893
10 Walter Elias Disney b: 05 Dec 1901 Chicago, Cook County, Illinois d: 15 Dec 1966 Burbank, Los Angeles County, California
10 Ruth Flora Disney b: Unknown


Bowen, Clarence Winthrop, Ph.D., LLD., The History of Woodstock, Connecticut, Genealogies of Woodstock Families, Vol. 3 (Norwood, MA: Privately printed by The Plimpton Press, 1930).

Chaffee, William H., The Chaffee Genealogy (embracing the Chafe, Chafy, Chafie, Chafey, Chafee, Chaphe, Chaffy, Chaffie, Chaffey, Chaffe, Chaffee Descendants of Thomas Chaffe, of Hingham, Hull, Rehoboth and Swansea, Massachusetts also certain Lineages from Families in the United States, Canada and England, not descended from Thomas Chaffe), 1635-1909 (New York: The Grafton Press, 1909). Repository: NEHGS.

Hills, William Sanford, comp., Thomas Hills, edit., The Hills Family in America: The Ancestry and Descendants of William Hills, the English Emigrant to New England in 1632; of Joseph Hills, the English Emigrant to New England in 1638, and of the Great-grandsons of Robert Hills, of the Parish of Wye, County of Kent, England, Emigrants to New England 1794-1806 (reprint of 1906 ed.; Decorah, IA: The Anundsen Publishing Co., 1984).

Lincoln, George, History of the Town of Hingham, Massachusetts: Vols. II, III, The Genealogies (Somersworth, NH: New England History Press, 1982, originally published 1893). 

Rounds, H.L. Peter, comp., Vital Records of Swansea, Massachusetts to 1850 (Boston: NEHGS, 1992).

Savage, James, A Genealogical Dictionary of The First Settlers of New England showing Three Generations of Those Who Came Before May, 1692, on the Basis of Farmer's Register, Vol. I (1st Edition; Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1860). Repository: The University of Miss. Library.

Smith, Ethel Farrington, "Seventeenth Century Hull, Massachusetts and Her People" in The New England Historical & Genealogical Register, Vol. 142 (1988) (Boston: NEHGS & Broderbund Software, Inc., 1996).

Torrey, Clarence Almon, New England Marriages Prior to 1700 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1985).

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