The Chaffin name from the Internet Genealogy Service starts in 1537 in Dorset, Somerset and Wiltshire, England and starts in 1691 in Haute-Saone, France. Thomas Chaffin emigrated form England to the Virginia colony in 1664 and may have started this line in the United States. The Chaffin Coat of Arms is posted on this site. It is unknown at this point if the Chaffin (plus variations) surname is related to the Chafe (plus variations) surname.
Chaffin Coat of Arms/Crest
The crest is the head of a dog, with a torch affixed to the top of the helmet
The torse is a wreath, two skeins of twisted silk, used to anchor the mantling to the helmet. The Chaffin colors are red and gold.
The mantle is cloth worn over the helmet as protection from the sun, loose strips of cloth shaped as leaves to drape off the helmet. Chaffin: red and gold.
This must be an authentic helmet style, sized to scale and follows the position of the crest. Chaffin: helmet is style of a Duke, steel colored.
The shield is the heart of the arms. The design is exclusive and simple. Chaffin: Shield is solid red, with white dog on red background. The shape of this shield was dated 1500. The dog is very rare in coat of arms. It is found on the coat of arms of St. Dominic, A.D. 13th century, who was founder of the Dominican Order, known as the Friar's preacher. The members came to be known as "the watch dogs of the Lord, defending the folds of the church with the fire of the Holy Spirit." The Friars in Robin's Hood Forest were Dominican monks. It is also interesting to note that the monks were bald, and that the meaning of the name Chaffin is "bald".
The mottos is not considered exclusive, usually written in Latin, and expresses ideals, goals or admonition. Chaffin: "Behold, the watchdogs of the Lord defending the folds of the church with the fire of the Holy Spirit". In Latin, "Vigil, Cannes De Dominus".
Red, called Gules, denotes military valor and courage, the warrior's color that symbolizes a desire to serve your country to the utmost of your ability, to shed blood if necessary. Gold, called Or, is the metal in the emblem and denotes generosity and elevation of mind.
Pronunciation and Spelling
There does not appear to be any consensus on the correct pronunciation of Chaffin/Chafin. It could be with a long or short "a". Chafin is most often pronounced with a long "a," and Chaffin is most often pronounced with a short "a". In the United States the surname Chaffin is twice as popular as Chafin.
Saint Dominic de Guzman was born in Caleruega, half-way between Osma and Aranda in Old Castile, Spain at the castle of the Guzmáns. He was named after the patron saint of the Benedictine Abbey of Santo Domingo de Silos, a few miles north of Caleruega. His mother was Blessed Joan of Aza who, when pregnant, had a vision that her unborn child was a black-and-white dog who would set the world on fire with a torch it carried in its mouth. This legend seems to use the medieval pun on the name of the Dominicans, Domini canes, "dogs of the Lord". The dog symbolizes a preacher and is represented by a "Veltro," or hunting/hound dog.
From various postings on the web:
The Chaffin surname from the Internet Genealogy Service starts in 1533 in New Sarum (Salisbury), Dorset; Mere (1566), Wiltshire; and Bruton (1639), Somerset, England. The surname also starts in 1691 in Haute-Saone, France. Thomas Chaffin emigrated from England to the Virginia colony in 1664 and may have started this line in the United States. The Chaffin Coat of Arms are posted on these sites: 1, 2. It is unknown at this point if the Chaffin (plus variations) surname is related to the Chafe (plus variations) surname. However in the 1500's this surname appears in LDS to originate in southwest England along with the other Chafe surnames. In the US, towns with this name include Chaffinville, MA, Chaffin Crossing, TX, Chaffin Place, TX, Chafin Branch, WV. City names with Chaffin do not appear in any other country in the world. From the LDS website, for 297 Chaffin/Chafin surnames (exact spelling/duplicates eliminated) born between 1537 and 1886, the highest proportion were born in Dorset (22%), then Somerset (13%), then Wiltshire (10%) and then London 8%). Looking closely on a subset of 139 names between 1537 and 1699 the distribution is Dorset (38%), Wiltshire (17%), Somerset (13%), London (5%). Some of the cities of note are Bruton, Somerset - 28 miles northeast of Chaffcombe, Mere, Wiltshire - 35 miles northeast of Chaffcombe and Chettle, Dorset - 40 miles east of Chaffcombe. There was a famous battle of the Civil War fought at Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights Virginia, September 29-30, 1864. Eugene Chafin was on the electoral ballot in 1912 against Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt. Chaffin/Chafin/Chafins surnames are 4 to 1 more prevalent than Chaffee/Chaffey/Chafe in the United States, however there are far fewer place names in the US with this surname. In the UK, Chaffin represents 11% of the Chaffey/Chaffe/Chafe/Chaffin total. Based on LDS data compiled from 1567 to 1727, Chaffin/Chafin accounted for 9% of the surname total.
It could be that the descendants of the Chaffin surname migrated east of Chaffcombe between 1300-1500 and established themselves in the Dorset, Wiltshire and Somerset areas. The Chaffe and Chaffey branches of the family also likely migrated in this time period; Chaffe to the west (Exeter/Buckfastleigh) and Chaffey to the east (Folke/Sherborne). The reasons for this migration is uncertain, however there is a definite consolidation of the surname starting in these areas by 1550. However the Chaffin name evolved a distinctive sounding name as well as a separate coat of arms.
James Chaffin, a farmer from Davie County, North Carolina, on September 7, 1921, died as the result of a fall. Four years after his death, the farmer's second son saw the spirit figure of the deceased standing at his bedside and told him of an alternate will that would redistribute the family's assets. The new will held out in a court of law.
The Battle of Chaffin's Farm, also known as New Market Heights, was fought September 29–30, 1864, as part of the Siege of Petersburg in the American Civil War. The nature of warfare evolved dramatically during the final ten months of the Civil War. Static warfare in the trenches replaced the freewheeling mass movements of earlier campaigns. The Battle of Chaffin's Farm is a particularly illustrative example of a late war engagement. From the very beginning of the war, Confederate engineers worked feverishly to build permanent defenses around Richmond. By 1864, they had created a system anchored south of the capital on the James River at Chaffin's Farm, a large open bluff named for a local resident. This outer line was supported by an intermediate and inner system of fortifications much closer to the capital. The strength of these lines remained untested until September 1864 when Union General Ulysses S. Grant tried to capture Richmond or Petersburg by attacking simultaneously north and south of the James. The attack north of the river occurred on September 29. Troops under Federal general Benjamin Butler captured the strategically important New Market Heights in the early morning and other troops overwhelmed the Confederate defenders inside Fort Harrison. However, uncoordinated attacks against Forts Gilmer, Gregg, and Johnson all encountered dismal failure, leaving Butler and Grant chagrined at their only partial success. A Confederate counterattack on September 30 proved equally futile, and the two armies settled into trench warfare that continued until the end of the war. This fighting around Chaffin's Farm cost the nation nearly 5,000 casualties.
Lillie D. Chaffin, a native of Pike County, Kentucky, was a poet, an editor, a librarian, a teacher, and a Kentucky Poet Laureate. She published 17 books, and was an advocate of women, Appalachian writers, and young writers. Ms. Chaffin died in 1993.
There is a town called Chaffinville, Worcester County, MA. Streets include Chaffin Road Lafayette, TN; Chaffin Street, Milton, FL; Chaffin Street, Mocksville, NC, Chaffin Street, Richmond, VA.; Chaffin Place, Murfreesboro, TN; Chaffin Street, Sherman, TX. Public institutions include LA Chaffin Junior High School, Fort Smith AR, and Chaffin Elementary School, Washington Court House, OH. Physical locations include Chaffin Lake in the Bitterroot Mountains, Ravalli County, MT; Chaffin Pond, ME; Chaffin's Brook, MA; Chaffin Lake Dam, Cass Co. CA.
Chettle, Devon, one of the villages of Cranborne Chase situated in the rolling foothills between Tarrant Hinton and Farnham, is built, as its name suggests in a secluded, wooded hollow. It has two ancient long barrows, dug over 2,000 years ago as the final resting place of Neolithic Stone Age farmers. The seclusion made it a good place to live in times of trouble, an it was here that the Chaffins set up home in the 17th century. Thomas Chaffin being a commander of a troop of Dorset Horse which opposed the Duke of Monmouth at the battle of Sedgemoor. Thomas died a natural death in 1691 at the age of 41, a tablet in Chettle's beautiful church commemorates the event.
The Chaffin name dates back to about 1000 A.D. This surname was derived from the French Chapin: one who made and sold low shoes, and the Saxon Chaffin: descendant of the little bald one. All this information is given in the book, The Chaffins, 182 pages, published in September 1999. It starts with Thomas Chaffin who came to VA in 1664. It follows Chaffin line of Joshua and Esther of Charlotte County, VA. This book also has Abner, Joseph, Amos, Elias, and William Chaffin who lived at Flynn's Lick, Jackson as well as many other Chaffins and families that married into the Chaffin families. In the Chaffin book, page 8, it says Thomas Chaffin was listed first among 84 people transported to Accomack County, VA on October 18, 1664. Captain John Savage was given a certificate for patent rights to 4,200 acres of land for the transportation of 84 passengers to Accomack County, VA.
Scott Chafin: No one that has researched the origin of the "Chaffin" (and variations, such as "Chafin" and "Chafyn") surname more than Stella "Judy" Chaffin Drake, and her daughter, Phyllis Drake in England. They spent over 20 years of research and wrote a book in 1986 entitled "The Chaffin Family: A Study of One Name." It has long been out of print, but it is in the Library of Congress.
According to the Drakes, "Chaffin" derived from Old French "Chauf," "Cauf," or "Chauvin." (It's from a French super-patriot named "Chauvin" that we get the word modern word "chauvinism.") Undoubtedly, the surname came to England with the Norman Invasion. The French name comes from the Latin "calvus," meaning "bald," and in its French form, was probably a nickname for a "small bald man," or "son of a bald man." The name appears in England as "Chaffins" as early as 1249, "Chaufin" in 1273, and "Chaffyng" in 1327. Because relatively few people except bureaucrats and church officials were literate, the name was spelled phonetically. Thus, we see such things as "Franncys Chafyn" the son of "Thomas Chafin" was baptised in 1602. The Drakes believe that all present-day English Chaffins are descended from John Chaffin, a blacksmith of Bruton, Somerset in southwestern England. We would not be surprised that a "Chaffin" turned up in early Virginia. Fischer wrote in his 1989 book, "Abion's Seed," that "a majority of Virginia's indentured servants hailed from sixteen counties in the south and west of England -- the same area that produced Virginia's elite."
First found in Dorset where they were seated from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D. Some of the first settlers of this name or some of its variants were: John Chaffinch who settled in Connecticut in 1630; Daniel Chaffin arrived in the Barbados in 1680 with his wife and servants; Fortune Chaffin arrived in Philadelphia Pa.
Scott Chafin: To my knowledge, the people who have done the most research on the surname's origin are Phyllis Drake and her daughter, Stella "Judy" (Chaffin) Drake, who live in England. The origin of the name CHAFFIN is usually considered to be derived from Old French CHAUF, CAUF, or CHAUVIN, which came from the Latin CALVUS, meaning "bald." The diminutive CHAFFIN suggests a small bald man or a son of a bald man.
The Battle of New Market Heights, Virginia (Chaffin's Farm) became one of the most heroic engagements involving African-Americans. On September 29, 1864, the African-American division of the Eighteenth Corps, after being pinned down by Confederate artillery fire for about 30 minutes, charged the earthworks and rushed up the slopes of the heights. During the hour-long engagement the division suffered tremendous casualties. Of the sixteen African-Americans who were awarded the Medal of Honor during the Civil War, fourteen received the honor as a result of their actions at New Market Heights.
Edward C. E. Chaffin suggested that a Frankish lady married one of the sons of a king of Wessex in the 9th century and was given a grant of land. "The Bald," who kept his distinguishing nickname, came from Northern France in Frankish time, or Gaul in Roman time, to Wessex, a Saxon kingdom in England. Earlier, in Rome, a family called CALVINUS included a friend of Caesar and a cousin of Nero. The name, written on wax or with quills with poor ink and copied many times, could have been corrupted to CHAFFIN over the centuries.
The entertaining "cat" story comes from Champfleury in "Cats Past and Present." The story goes like this: because bridge building was so difficult, a bridge builder once had to get assistance from the Devil, who demanded the soul of the first person to cross the bridge. In the story, that "person" turned out to be a very cunning cat ("le chat fin"), who vanquished the Devil with his sharp claws. "Chat fin" is easily corrupted to CHAFFIN, and supposedly gave the name to Le Chaffin in the Sologne in France.
Another possibility is that CHAFFIN came from CHAPYN or CHOPYN of Saxon origin, some of whom moved to France during the Plantagenet era and took the name, CHOPIN.
In England, CHAFFIN appeared in 1249; CHAUFIN in 1273; and CHAFFYNG in 1327. In the early 15th century (1400s), a family of cardmakers (in wool processing) dropped the occupational name for their surname, CHAFYN. English documents are replete with spelling variations. For example, "Franncys Chafyn," the son of "Thomas Chafin," baptized on 7 June 1602. "Mary Chafin" married John Grove in 1686, and one of the numerous offspring was christened "Chafyn." The surname CHAFYN-GROVE still exists in England and is the name of a school in Salisbury and a house in Looe, Cornwall. Interestingly enough, in at least one record in Cumberland Co., VA referring to "Cumberland John" Chaffin (d.1773), the surname is spelled CHAFFIN and CHAFIN in the same document, referring to the same person. How "Cumberland John" spelled his own name is no mystery; he spelled it "X" (actually, two horizontal lines with a single, diagonal line through them).
As to pronunciation, one way is with a long "a" as in the word, "chafe." But many times it is with a short "a" as in the word, "chaff." Many people, especially bilingual speakers of Spanish pronounce it with an "sh" rather than "ch," despite the fact that there is no "sh" blend in Spanish, while "ch" is considered the fourth letter of the Spanish alphabet.
The first known Chaffin to come to America was Thomas Chaffin who came in 1664. There was a Daniel Chaffin and wife, Ann, that lived in Barbados in the Middle 1600's. The first of the name to come to America were Thomas and Francis Chaplin who settled at Jamestown in 1608. Isaac Chaplin, ensign in the Royal Navy, came to Jamestown, VA in 1610. He was granted a large estate on the James River, called Chaplin's Choice, to which he brought his wife, Mary and 15 year old nephew, John Chaplaine in 1620.
Curtis G. Chaffin's “The Family History of Chaffins in Virginia (1717) to Chaffins in Georgia (2002). The book starts with “Cumberland John” Chaffin (c.1696-1773) of Cumberland Co., Virginia, and it follows subsequent lines, especially those who migrated to Georgia. It covers extensively descendants of John’s son, Joshua Chaffin, Sr. (c/1720-1805) and his sons, Isham Chaffin (c.1758-1822) and Joshua Chaffin, Jr. (c.1745-bt.1830/1840), but also some collateral lines.
Chaffin: This family are prolific and well-known in the Wiltshire/Dorset border area. They lived at Chettle House. They don't have much of a connection with Berkshire, but did inherit the manor of Maiden Earley (Sonning) in the early 16th century. They held it until selling up during the Civil War, but are unlikely to have visited very often.
Chaffin: This family likely is of Sephardic Jewish ancestry and came from France to England and then to the American Colonies. The DNA donor's lineage came through the port of Baltimore (entry point for many Sephards) in the 1600's and married into the Hale family, migrating then to Jonesboro, Tennessee. They also married into the Hatchett and Harris families, often marrying cousin after cousin (a mark of Sephardic ancestry). For a good introduction, see The Chaffins by John Lee Fults. The Chaffin name may be analogous to Chapin and Coffin; DNA samples would be required to test this. Notably, the Chaffin coat of arms features three crescent moons and daisies - symbols of Islam. They may have been Muslim and not Jewish. The DNA is centered in Spain/Iberia.
Christopher Chaffin, a farmer, was born about 1690 in Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia. He married Sarah about 1710. They had five children: 1. John Chaffin, born April 01, 1716 in Middlesex County, Virginia; married Mary in 1740 in Virginia; died January 25, 1773 in Cumberland County, Virginia. 2. Christopher Chaffin, Junior, born November 11, 1718 in Middlesex County, Virginia, 3. Mary Chaffin, born September 02, 1721 in Middlesex County, Virginia, 4. William Chaffin, born December 20, 1724 in Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia; died January 03, 1724/25 in Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia, 5. John Chaffin, born July 27, 1726 in Middlesex County, Virginia. Christopher was killed by two runaway slaves in 1727. His widow Sarah married John Davis on February 11, 1729/30. Sarah married John Owen on July 20, 1732.
John Chaffin (1670) Somerset, England (died 1745 in Cumberland Virginia) Wife: Unknown Children: Christopher Chaffin (1690) John Chaffin (1699).
ABNER CHAFFIN, 1st GENERATION IN AMERICA
by Olive Chaffin Peterson
Many people have asked me where the name Chaffin originated, what does it mean, or how many spellings have I found. I don’t known all the answers, I can quote from sources on the subject, state facts, and refer to W.L. Chaffin’s book CHAYFIN’S OF AMERICA published in 1912.
Mr. Chaffin says in his book, “There is a curious legend concerning the origin of the name Chaffin, that the name may be derived from a place called 'Le Chaffin’ in the Sologne in France.” “It was renamed Chaffin.” Mr. Howard M. Chapin of Providence, R.I., who has given the name considerable study, says, “The original family were from Saxony, some of them moving to France during the reign of the Plantagenets, arid there taking the name Chopin.” “Other sources claim the Chaffins came from Scotland, Ireland, Wales, and some have traced the family to Holland,” says Mr. Chaffin, One popular theory is that the name is Welsh emigrating to England & possibly Ireland.
When I visited England in 1962 I took special note of how the name was spelled in the London telephone directory, and I found only four names spelled “Chaffin.” I was asked to look into the meaning of a town in southern Germany, named Aschaffenburg, which I did. But none of my German acquaintances were able to shed army light on the subject. The town, of course, was centuries old, but how, or if, it has connection to the Chaffin name, I do not know.
Mr. Chaffin states in his book that there have been Chaf firms in counties Dorset, Somerset, and Wilts in south western England, who are mentioned in BURK’S ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF HERALDRY. Mr. Chaffin has a coat of arms from England for the name. It is pleasing to the eye. I have not pursued the history of this coat of arms, as yet, nor do I know whether it would apply to our family name, since it is not yet proven whether we originate from England, Scotland, or elsewhere.
The name has been subject to considerable variation and we find it spelled Cheffyn in the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). The most common variation seems to be Chafny. The name has been changed, misspelled, mispronounced many, many ways. I think the most accepted spelling is Chaffin or Chafin. Other known spellings are: Chaffen, Chafen, Chaffins, Chaffind, Chaffing, Chaffings, Chaffein, Chaffon, Chiffin, Chaffan, Chafflin, Cheffen, Chaffinch, Chaffant, Chaffent, Chalfin, Chaiphen, Chaiphing, Chalphings, Chaiphins, Chafyn, Cheffyn, and it is believed that Chaffee, Chaffy, Claffen, Chapin and Chopin may be from the original name also.
On the first U.S. census in 1790 we find 39 heads of Chaffin families with an average of per family. We find spellings varying from Chafen, Chaffen, Chaffing, Chafin, to Chaffin. Of course the name is found much earlier in colonial America. W.L. Chaffin’s descendents of Robert Chaff in go back to 1719 when he married in Mass. Chaffin’s are found in Washington Co. Penn. back to 1727. It is believed that the family in Virginia started about the same time, possibly with John who settled Middlesex County. There could be connection between the Southern and New England and many are working to prove this.
There has been a family tradition that the Southern line came from Birmingham, England, during an uprising, two brothers with one settling in Mass, and one in Va, Proof of connection has not been established. There is also a tradition that John and Robert Chaffin came from Scotland in 1730 and at least one (if not both) settled in Va. The coincidence is that the two brothers from England were named John and Robert also John settled in Va, and Robert settled in Mass, as far as is known.
As far as Encel & Leonard Chaffin, Carl Albert and I, who have compiled this manuscript, know - we come from the Virginia family and our earliest ancestor is known to be ABNER CHAFFIN b. about 1765. He probably came from Va. To N,C., thence to Term. It is possible that some of his family histories of the Tennessee families, they eventually emigrated to Mo,, We Va., Ky., Ga., N.C., S.C., Fla., Ala., Miss., La., Ill, and later to Calif., Tex., Kans., Colo., and Mont., and are probably in every state in the Union now, ABNER settled in Jackson Co. Tenn., but we find Chaffins in other counties of Term. Later when ABNER’S children migrated to Greene Co, Mo. we find Chaffins in other counties in Mo. also. There is room for more research in these areas to prove relationship.
The Southern Chaffins were members of the Christian Church primarily. Many have been and are Church of Christ ministers. Apparently, Chaffins have always exercised independency in religious thinking. In the earliest day they seem to be land owners arid farmers, mostly, but some have been businessmen also. We do know that the Virginia family was extensive and prominent, And W,L. Chaffin’s book bears out the same fact about the New England line of the family. We find patriots from all three lines New England, the Southern, and Penn. We have record of Chaff ins in the Rev. War, the War of 1812 and the Civil War, as well as the wars of this century. We have record of ABNER in War of 1812 (see Part III), also his son William (see Part I), and his grandson William C. in the Civil War, Union Army (see Part III), as well as many cousins from other Southern States in the Confederate Army.
The Chaffins certainly did participate in the pioneer epoch and migration to the West, Following the wars, of course, some took up their veteran land grants, others homesteaded government land in the West, others sought the adventures of the “gold rush” days. Today, we find descendents in every state in the Union.
Many have become interested, if not curious, about their family origin, and we find many genealogists actively engaged in trying to connect this vast family together. This is actually what prompted the compiling of our manuscript.
CHASE FAMILY NAME
Aquila Chase was born in 1618 in Cornwall, co. Kent, England. He signed a will on 10 Dec 1670.He died on 27 Dec 1670 in Newbury, Essex Co., Massachusetts. His estate was probated on 28 Mar 1671.He was a mariner. He was a fisherman. Aquila Chase appears first at Hampton, N.H. A company under the leadership of Rev. Stephen Bachiler is supposed to have commenced the settlement on Oct 14, 1638. (Dow's History of Hampton, 10-11). Early in the year 1639 a new band of settler came with Mr. Timithy Dalton, who became associate pastor of the Hampton church. The town was incorporated by the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony May 22 1639. It is probable that Aquila and Thomas Chase came with the second company as it appears that emigration was greatly diminished by the year 1640.
Various traditions are extant about the date and manner of their arrival in this country, but they are only traditions with little livelihood of ever being anything else, due to the lack of preservation, or later loss, of the shipping lists of that period. The first town meeting of Hamton, of which there is a record, was held Oct 31 1639, and Dec 24 of the same year land was allotted to fifteen grantees, the first grants being small house lots. In June 1640 other persons became grantee, among them being Aquila Chase and Thomas Chase. The Hampton records show that in 1640 there was granted to Aquila Chase six acres for a house lot. In 1644 an additional grant was recorded of six acres of "upland meadow and swamp," which he sold to his "brother Thomas" on his removal to Newbury. The home lot of Aquila Chase was a part of what has long been known as the Perkins homestead, Here undoubtedly, he erected a log house which he occupied until the summer in 1646. The homestead was located south of Meeting House Green, near the marshes on the road to the ancient TideMill. Aquila Chase before he removed to Newbury was seen gathering pease on the first day of the week and at the Quarterly Court held at Ipwich, Sept 29 1646, he and his wife, and David Wheeler, his brother-in-law, all "of Hampton," were presented for gathering place on the sabbath. Records and Files of the Quarterly Court of Essex County,I:110) At the next session of the Court held at Ipswich, march 30 1646/47, they were presented again for the same offense and the constable reported that the summons had been sent to Hampton and that the parties were not there but "were gone to Newbury." (Ibid, I:113). On March 28 1657.48, they were admonished and their fines were remitted. (Ibid , 139) The removal must have been soon after the pea-picking episode as he was not to be found in Hampton when the Court summons of Sept 29 1646 reached there.A deposition presented at the Quarterly Court held in Ipswich Sept 25 1666, mentions "Acciquilla Chas, aged about forty-eight years," which would make 1618 the year of his birth. (Ibid, 3:347). Aquila Chase lived in Newbury until his death Dec 27 1670. The place of his burial is unknown but it was probably in the grave yard at Oldtown as the yard at Sawyer's hill was not in use until thirty years later. He was married to Ann Wheeler in 1644 in Newbury, Essex Co., Massachusetts.
The Chase (Chace) coat of arms is described as follows: "Arms: Gules, four crosses patonce, argent two and two; on a canton azure a lion passant, Or, crest-a lion rampant, Or, holding between his feet a cross patonce-gules." Arms: Gules (red), four crosses patonce, argent (silver) two and two; on a canton (square) azure (blue) a lion passant (standing), Or (gold), crest-a lion rampant (rising), Or (gold), holding between his feet a cross patonce-gules (red)." The motto is "Ne Cede Malis" (Yield not to misfortunes).
The motto is "Ne Cede Malis" (Yield not to misfortunes).
Samuel Chase: Born in Princess Anne, Maryland, in 1741. One of the 52 signers of The Declaration Of Independence, which freed the thirteen American Colonies from the rule of Great Britain and King George. His signature directly under John Hancock's signature, which is the first one on the list. Chase was involved in an attempt to corner the flour market in 1778. He did so while a member of the Continental Congress at a time when the Congress was authorizing the purchase of flour for revolutionary troops. Chase lost his seat, and much of his reputation. Then, in 1796, George Washington nominated Chase as the Sixth Seat of the Supreme Court. In March, 1805, Republicans under Thomas Jefferson led an impeachment attack against Samuel Chase. Chase was impeached by the House of Representatives, pursuant to a quiet request by President Thomas Jefferson, for his conduct in several "political" trials and his intemperate remarks to a Baltimore grand jury while riding circuit. The agenda was clearly political. In early February 1805, thirty days after he was impeached by the House, he was tried in the Senate. The Republicans disaffected with Jefferson joined with the nine Federalists to block the 2/3 vote necessary to convict Chase. The outcome of Chase's trial largely determined whether the judiciary could remain independent of political interests. Chase remained on the Court until his death in 1811 at age 70.
Salmon P. Chase: Salmon P. Chase was born in 1808 in New Hampshire. Chase settled in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1830, where he practiced law, entered into antislavery and other reform activities. a cabinet post when Lincoln was elected. He was elected governor of Ohio in 1855 and 1857, and United States senator in 1860. Lincoln appointed him Secretary of the Treasury from 1861 until July 1864. Chase Manhattan’s fourth predecessor institution, the Chase National Bank, was founded in 1877 when John Thompson, his son Samuel and three other New York businessmen pooled $300,000 and opened for business. Thompson named the bank for Salmon P. Chase, who, as President Abraham Lincoln’s Treasury Secretary, had led the fight for passage of the National Bank Acts of 1863 and 1864. When Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger Taney died in October 1864, Lincoln appointed Chase to the position. It was he who administered the presidential oath to Andrew Johnson following Lincoln's assassination. Chase's face appears on the $10,000 dollar bill, although it is no longer circulated. He had very strong anti-slavery views, and in court was actively involved in a host of key cases dealing with the Civil War, Reconstruction, and government finance. He died in 1873.
CHASE NAME IN AMERICA
Generation No. 1
John Chase was born in Chesham, Buckinghamshire in 1455. He died in ?. He married Alice Harding, who was born about 1462 in Chesham.
Their son was Matthew Chase.
Generation No. 2
Matthew Chase was born in 1486. He married Elizabeth Bould, daughter of Richard Bould. Elizabeth was born in 1480. Matthew and Elizabeth were married in 1518 in Chesham.
Their son was Thomas Chase.
Generation No. 3
Thomas Chase was born April 22, 1520 in Hundridge, England, and died 1586 in Chesham, England. In 1539, he married Elizabeth Bowcheew (or Bowshiew.) Elizabeth was born before 1521.
Note on Thomas Chase: Buried June 27, 1586 in Chesham.
The children of Thomas Chase and Elizabeth Bowcheew are:
Christian Chase, b. Est 1540; d. Est 1581;
William Chase, b. Est 1535; d. Est 1578.
John Chase, b. 1540; d. 1599, Hundridge, England.
Richard Chase, b. 1542, England; d. Jan 1611.
Elizabeth Chase, b. 1547, England; d. 1572;
Agnes Chase b. 1551, England; d. 1577;
Generation No. 4
Richard Chase was born 1542 in Hundridge (Hendrick), Chesham, England and he died Jan 31, 1611 in Chesham. On April 16, 1564, he married Joan Bishop (or Byshoppe), the daughter of Simon and Joan Byshoppe. Joan died on May 14, 1597.
Richard Chase: Buried on January 31, 1611, Hendrick, Chesham, Buckingham, England. Joan ByShoppe:Burial: May 04, 1597, Parish Hundrich, Chesham, Buckingham, England
The children of Richard Chase and Joan Bishop are:
Robert Chase, b. 1565, Chesham, England; .
Henry Chase, b. 1567, Chesham, England;
Lydia Chase, b. 1573, Chesham, England;
Ezekial Chase, b. 1576, Chesham, England;
Dorcas Chase, b. 1577, Chesham, England;
Aquila Chase, b. 1580, Chesham d. Dec 27, 1670
Jason Chase, b. 1582, Chesham, England; d. 1606.
Thomas Chase, b. 1585, Chesham, England;
Abigail Chase, b. 1588, Chesham, England;
Mordecai Chase, b. 1591, Chesham, England;
Generation No. 5
Aquila Chase was born August 14, 1580 in Hundrich, England and died August 29, 1670 in St. Nicholas, Cole Abbey, England. He married Martha Sarath Jelliman, the daughter of John Jelliman and his wife, Margerie. Martha was born in 1582 in Hundrich and she died 15 August 1643 in St. Nicholas, Cole Abbey, London.
The children of Aquila and Martha Sara were:
Anne Chase b. February 26, 1606/1607, d. July 19, 1609
Sara Chase b. February 9, 16o9/10 and died May 2, 1624
Martha Chase b. and died March 1610/1611
Joane Chase b May 14, 1615 and died before 1623
Elizabeth Chase christened May 14, 1615 and died August 17, 1624
Thomas Chase b Juy 25, 1616 in London/d. October 5, 1652 NH
Aquila Chase b March 29 1618 and died December 27, 1670
Joan Chase b Mar 30, 1623 and died August 17, 1624
Generation No. 6
Aquila Chase was born in Chesham in 1618. Before 1636, Aquila moved to New England with his brother Thomas. One of the original settlers of Hampton, New Hampshire, Aquila received a land grant in Hampton in 1640, but he moved to Newbury, Massachusetts in 1646. A mariner, Aquila married Ann Wheeler in 1644. She was the daughter of John Wheeler and Ann Yeoman of Hampden, New Hampshire. Ann Wheeler was born in Salisbury in 1621. She died in 1687 in Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts.
April 20, 2020